Historic, Archive Document
Do not assume content reflects current
scientific knowledge, policies, or practices.
HIGH BRED SEEDS
Of pedigreed strains of standard native varieties, continuously bred-up
in the climate in which they are to be grown, are
FIRST AIDS TO BIGGER CROPS
Tills seal atuF label certif;
this sack contains freshly imj
seeds directly descended from i
high yielding selection fror
multiplying 'seed blocks.
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THIS • TAG • IS
SEALED • ON
To get these bigger crops you must have the
seeds to fit the above description. It is our special
business to breed-up seeds that fit the South-
western climate under this comprehensive defini-
tion. Every bag of our seed corn, cotton seed
and Ferguson No. 71 Oats bears seal and certifi-
cate to this effect:
This seal and certificate protects you from un-
certainty and fraud. It is our guarantee to you
that we have been on the job more than thirteen
years, each year doing the following specific things
to make “bigger crops” a possibility.
Doing The Work
1. Finding out the best varieties by actually testing
them in our trial grounds, watching the reports of the Ex-
periment Stations and gauging the general observations
and experiences of farmers throughout the Southwest.
2. Finding out the better strains of these high-yielding
standard varieties by growing them side by each.
3. Improving these better strains of these better
varieties by plant-to-row tests — doing this painstaking
and valuable work each and every season. This is the
work that mak s our seeds yield bigger crops.
Supplying Seeds To You
4. We are growing seeds of these highly improved
strains of these standard varieties.
5. We are preparing the seeds from these specially
grown fields, assuming the responsibility for the success of
every important step in the selection of the variety, select-
ing the best strain in the variety, improving their good
strains, as well as growing and preparing the seeds — all
under our supervision, with practically trained specialists
it charge of every step.
But Let Us Reason Together
With all this care our seeds are not yet perfect; they
are “high bred,” but not absolutely “pure bred.” We
are not promising you more than Old Mother Nature
gives to us. In your fields, just the same as in ours
along with your better yields and better average quality,
you will get your share of runts, sports, throw-backs,
reversions, etc. There’s a runt in every litter of even
thoroughbred pigs; so in seeds.
When You Buy Our Seeds we want you to “feel,” as
well as to believe, that your money is wisely invested in
seeds that are well bred and honestly described. Of our
sincerity in this we ask you to judge after reading our
How New Strains of Standard Varieties
Get a GOOD Pedigree
First: By planting choice selections of one
ear, one head, one stalk, etc., to a row in breeding
blocks, we learn which ears, etc., have the best
yielding qualities. Selections showing up better
than others grown under like conditions of soil,
seeding, cultivation, season, etc., are proven to be
Second: Champion Quality must be proven
by accurate tests and the results measured by scales
and tapes. Guess work is eliminated.
Third: Usually 100 of the choicest ears are
athered from rows whose Champion Quality has
een proven by actual scientific tests. These, in
turn, are planted in the following year in a similar
seed breeding block, and on and on, from year to
Fourth: Champion Strains (in the case of corn)
are further improved by cross pollination from ears
of other Champion Strains of the same variety.
Again the best score-card ears are selected from the
Champion Strains in the breeding blocks, and so
on from season to season.
Thus it is that seed of good, recognized Stand-
ard Varieties are made better and better; improved
and re-improved year after year. And it is from
seed thus developed that we secure seeds to grow
our multiplying blocks, and from these in turn seed
to grow our increase fields to supply bred-up,
pedigreed seeds for our customers.
Such are Our Methods for getting good seeds
with a good pedigree that produce good crops.
Here is a chart showing the history of the seed corn
we ship to you:
Confm ibu9 ly from
19 05 fo 1914
lOO ROU^S FROM
lOO CHAMPION EARS
10 O First choice
Q-zfs from high-
lOO First choice
oafs from 1915
& ■ ■■ ■■■ »
Champion strains from
Champion strains from
highest yielding progeny rows
highest yielding progeny rows
Cross pollinated Seed? J6f
\ Cross pollinated Seeds for
1915 multiplying stock
1.1916 multiplying ^fock
1 9 1 7i*
' 'MULTIPLYING BLOCK'S
LARGER BLOCKS FOR
RE-TESTING AND INCR-
EASING CHAMPION STRAINS
FROM BREEDING BLOCK
/ -MULTIPLYING BLOCK °N
LARGER BLOCKS FOR
RE-TESTING AND INCR-
EASING CHAMPION STRAINS
FROM BREEDING BLOCK
, 4 r kps e**-*"" :
Seeds for 1916 general field,
best eafs from best stalks
Cross pollinated eafs from
is Steal and C©rfificafe
atte placed on all ouf
special hi$h Bited seeds.
They atb a positive
guarantee ©F Well'Bfed
Good Sood of the host
Varieties for the Southwest
The Idea and the Ideals Behind
The Ferguson Seed Farms
A Personal Word From the
Fourteen years ago. the idea and the ideal of
the Ferguson Seed Farms were born. These and
a little hope and determination represented the entire
capital stock. The
idea is given with
at the top of the
inside cover page.
The climate of the
States is the field
of our operations.
Sherman was se-
lected as the logi-
cal crop center for
breeding up and
growing seeds for
The work was
by savings from a
salary. Later a
seed business was
started in a small
Five years af-
terwards an ap-
plication for a bank loan of $150.00 was refused.
Our idea and ideal were alright, but the business
hung up until other arrangements were made. * * *
I had heard that “everlastingly keeping at it brings
A. M. FERGUSON,
In Charge of Seed Breeding.
I am NOT now connected in any way
with the “Texas Seed Breeding Farms”
and have not been for many years. I repeat
this, because many persons have overlooked
the previous announcements. Please ad-
dress your letters to the
FERGUSON SEED FARMS
Mottoes are tonics to the soul. In an hour
when Despair was whispering around I posted this
up on my desk:
H They do me wrong who say I come no more, §§
§§ When once I knock and fail to find you in, s
H For every ’morn I stand outside your door H
M And bid you wake and rise to fight and win. (
Today all three — the idea , the work and the
business — are well known and substantially recog-
nized as standing for “something” that concerns
the Southwest. The business has a liberal invest-
ment in equipment and controls the output of several
thousand acres of well-bred corn, cotton and small
grains. Possibly they are not as good as they
“ought to be,” but they are “better than they used
The results of our seed breeding work have also
been widely recognized. Three varieties of corn
and improved strains of two varieties of cotton have
been recognized and recommended to Southwestern
farmers as “Standard High Yielders” by the U. S.
Department of Agriculture, the Agricultural Ex-
periment Stations in three Southwestern States
and the Field Crops Associations in these three
states. Thousands of farmers plant the varieties
which we developed, named and introduced and
they are now listed in the catalogs of the big seed
We never lost sight of our ideal of good seed-
manship, not even in the periods of disappointments
and hard times. In this period of prosperity, con-
fidence and general good will, we renew our pledges
to carry forward this work according to the knowl-
edge and faith that is within us.
The Ferguson Seed Farms is no longer an
individual affair. The stock is largely owned by
its permanent employees who have so faithfully
co-operated in making our idea and ideals a practical
business success, and a few representative business
men in Grayson county — all are partners in the
When you come to Sherman call and let us
show you the farms and the seed breeding work in
progress. Incidentally you may find out that
ours is the only bona fide “seed breeding farm”
Yours for Honest Seed Service,
In Charge of Seed Breeding.
Method vs. Chance — Result vs. Opinion
Test vs. Guess
Breeding-up field seeds is one means of in-
creasing the prosperity of every farm home.
How to breed-up corn, cotton and grain, and
to actually know what has been accomplished when
we have been trying — here is where we need to
apply method or system and to use tests to measure
results — And also to forget about chance, guess work
and opinions not based on definite facts.
Good carpenters do not saw costly boards by
guess. Bricklayers use plumb-lines rather than
their “eyes” to be sure their walls are plumb, etc.
WHY should farmers trust to mere off hand opinion
and chance in supplying seeds for their crops?
Many farmers — a great many farmers — select
the seeds on which they are to spend a season’s
work and opportunity by chance from what is con-
venient, guess at their goodness and never consider
the results of the tests made by the Experiment
The Best Is None Too Good
Others may consider the results of practical
experience and also the reports from the Experiment
Stations and buy the seeds having the names of
good varieties but do not definitely inquire to
ascertain if they are getting a proven high yielding
strain of these good varieties.
Information Makes Work Turn
to Sure Money
To illustrate this point we recall experiment
station tests of two undoubtedly well-bred strains
of Mebane Triumph Cotton. One was ours. The
other was from the most widely known breeder
and grower of the variety. At the San Antonio
Experiment Farm our strain yielded 40 pounds
more per acre, and at the North Louisiana Experi-
ment Station it yielded 263 pounds more per acre.
Here are advantages that at present prices would
mean $2.50 to $15.00 per acre net gain. And, too,
bear in mind, this is the difference between two
well-bred strains — not between the best and a
common mongrel strain.
How did it “happen” that our strain was uni-
formly the best yielder?
Here’s the Answer:
Every year we select 75 to 100 of the most
promising stalks from strains of Mebane Triumph
Cotton known to be high yielders. We determine
their yielding power, not by mere appearance, but
with scales to measure the crops, and tape-lines to
measure the land, we actually measure their wealth-
producing power. Nothing is left to chance or
guess. We are guided by definite results, proved by
. scientific tests. Only the proven most profitable
yielders are saved for propagating our seed supply.
All our seeds descend from these high yielding
That is why our seeds have invariably made the
high yields in Experiment Station tests. This is
why it will pay you to plant our seeds.
But the Cost
Cost is not a safe index of quality. In the
case of the MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton referred
to above, the low yielding seed actually sold for
more money than ours. But suppose our certified,
pedigreed seeds do cost fifty cents or a dollar more per
bushel, above even ordinarily good seeds. This
would only add 12c to 50c an acre. A few more
pounds of corn, or of cotton will pay this. Above
this the extra yield will be clear profit.
The Rule of Safety
Cut out guesswork. Invest your money in
seeds showing superior results secured from tests
made by scientific methods and it will be a very
profitable investment. It is perfectly obvious that
such seeds will cost a little more than the common
kind. People who have enough sense to produce
well-bred seeds usually have enough sense to ask
you to pay no more than a reasonable return for
the time, talent and money put into the improve-
ment of the seeds.
Certain it is that there are bargain “gold
bricks” in seeds being sold every day. People who
are “looking for something better at less money”
are usually the victims.
Harvesting a Field Test of Varieties of Corn on
Ferguson Seed Farms.
Scientific Methods Get Results
The explanation of our success is found in our Methods.
No other Southwestern seedsman , whether he be dealer, merchant or grower, even pretends
to be BREEDING-UP FIELD SEEDS with the same painstaking care for scientific method
as has been done for so many years by the Ferguson Seed Farms.
Our HIGH YIELDING STRAINS are descended from pedigreed selections whose champion
quality has been proven by tests made with the scales.
“Good Looks” and “Fancy Points” are also bred into our seeds as the awards at the Corn
Shows prove. We put the “looks” into the seeds and the Corn Show Judges said “Best.”
We maintain Seed Breeding Blocks on our farms, growing only pedigreed champion strains.
The certificate on our bags is assurance to you that the seeds are the descendants of these champion
strains of proven good varieties.
Below is the chart prepared by Dr. D. A. Saunders, Plant Breeder, U. S. Department of
Agriculture, showing the yields in bushels and dollars, based on the results of a test of 66 varieties
of corn made by the U. S. Department of Agriculture and the Texas Experiment Stations.
We are reproducing this chart because it shows the real money value of well-bred seed corn,
and further, because these best yields were made by OUR seed of OUR varieties.
Here’s What Three State Experiment Station Tests Proved
in Planting Our Bred-up Seeds
Corn Growers Chart of Yields
Profits and Yields Per Acre From Single Highest and Single Lowest Yielding Variety
Tests Were Made —
Highest yielding variety
Ferguson Yellow 43.5
Surcropper 33 . 7
Lowest yielding variety
Difference in bushels
Corn at 70 cents a bushel
“Gain from good seeds”
$18 . 27
Profits and Yields Per Acre From Five Highest and Five Lowest Yielders
Tests Were Made —
Average five highest yielders
Average five lowest yielders
Gain in bushels from good seed
Corn at 70 cents a bushel
Average gain in dollars from good seed
$12 . 18
“Planting a Seed-Breeding Block.”
The Secrets of Corn Breeding
What Are the Advantages of Our Certified,
Pedigreed Seed Corn?
We are farmers ourselves and grow corn. Our interest in good yields is the same as your interest in
good yields. Therefore, we ask you to read what we have found out about seed corn. It will help you to
decide what kind of seed corn will give you the largest yields in your fields.
If you grow corn in the Southwest you want (or need) seed corn that is a proven good variety. We
offer you the experience of many farmers, the proof of general opinion and the definite results of Experiment
Station tests that we are growing only the varieties that have proven to be the most profitable in the
Types Tested and Found Wanting — A Process
Large Ear and Small Ear Types
The first variety of corn developed in the
Southwest by pedigreed ear-to-row breeding was
Munson. We introduced this variety in 1908-07.
The second variety that we developed in this way
was Ferguson’s Gourd Seed. Both of these large
eared varieties were popular in their day and good
yielders under favorable conditions. However,
owing to the large size of their ears and stalks and
their late maturing habits they have failed to give
high average yields. For this reason we ceased
to breed or even to grow them some years ago.
In the course of our work, we developed other
sorts that were better yielders and surer yielders
under average conditions.
Multiple Ear and Small Ear
We also developed Southwestern strains of
two small multiple-eared or so-called prolific types,
Mosby Prolific and Coke’s Prolific. Batt’s Prolific
and Hasting’s Prolific are similar forms. We main-
tained ear-to-row breeding blocks of these prolific
later maturing varieties, but after five years’ testing
we found that they, too, were not among the better
yielding types. We conducted variety tests with
these and many other sorts in co-operation with
the government’s investigators.
These same variety tests also showed that the
small eared, early maturing, multiple eared types
like Hickory King were also inferior yielders in the
Northern and Other Foreign
NORTHERN GROWN CORN was formerly
thought (by mere “opinion”) to be the best type
for the Southwest. The “Opinion” was that they
were “early and would escape the drouth.” The
facts developed by the long continued tests of the
U. S. Department of Agriculture, the Arkansas Ex-
periment Station, the Texas Experiment Station
and the Field Crops Associations, in these two
states, all confirm the conclusion we announced
twelve years ago that
“ All Northern Grown Corn and even Southern
Grown Corn of Northern Varieties uniformly yield
less per acre than common mongrel native strains .”
The average of many tests positively prove
that- such varieties as Iowa Gold Mine, Iowa Silver
Mine, White Pearl, Reid’s Yellow Dent, Golden
Beauty, Boone County White and many other
Northern varieties sold by grocery stores, grain
dealers and merchant seedsmen, yield from 10 to
25 bushels per acre less than the standard varieties
recognized by the Field Crops Associations in the
An Old Customer Comes Back
With an Interesting Story.
“In answer to yours of recent date
will say that in 1913 and 1914 I
planted seed corn bought of you and
was very much pleased with same,
and the year 1915 1 planted Ferguson
Yellow Dent seed corn bought of
at Sherman and same was
very unsatisfactory. Will pay the
difference in price and plant your
seeds in the future.’’ — A. C. Egg,
Jackson County, Texas.
Picture shows effect of cross-pollination and self-pollination
on the yield and quality of corn. We save cross-pollination seed
from our breeding blocks and multiplying blocks. — Photo U. S.
Department of Agriculture.
Three Native Varieties Proved
Ear and Man
Ear Shoulder High. One
of the “Higher-Ups.”
Best for the Southwest
During the last ten years we have tested nearly every variety of corn
that has been grown by Southwestern farmers. As a result of all the infor-
mation before us, we are growing only three varieties of corn. “Why
just three?” you ask. The answer is “Why more?” Are there any others
that have proven to be any better or even just as good? The definite
information at hand answers “No.” As a measure of “The reason for the
faith that is within us” consider this record of our seed of our three varieties.
Wouldn’t you, too, be content to continue growing just three varieties
showing such good results?
Just Look at These Consistent Records
Make Your Own Explanation of Results Like These.
There’s a Reason!
1. During the last eight years
the Texas Field Crops Association
has annually made yield or utility
tests of about one hundred samples
of seed corn in various parts of the
state. In every test and in every 'part
of the state our varieties have been
in the list of “Best Yielders.” They
have usually been THE BEST. (See
chart on page 4.)
In the 1914 tests, the first and
second best yielders were our va-
rieties. We won the Corn Growers’
“Utility Cup” and Ham Fleming
won the “Ferguson Good Seed
2. At the State Experiment Sta-
tion tests at Denton, College Station
and Troup, our seed corn made the
highest average yields in 1912, 1913,
1914, 1915 and 1916. Similar records
have been made in Experiment Sta-
tion tests at Temple and Nacog-
3. Also “good luck” (?) has won
the same honors for our seeds during
the past eight years in the tests
made by the U. S. Department of
Agriculture at San Antonio, Tyler,
Greenville, Sherman, Waco and
other places. Satisfy yourself about
the reason for this. Was it good luck
or good breeding that made such
consistent records possible?
_ 4. Likewise in Arkansas, par-
ticularly for Central and Southern
Arkansas, Experiment Station tests
show that our three varieties are
among the Best Yielders - for that
state. These tests were made during
the last seven years.
5. In Oklahoma, the Experiment
Station has not published the results
of its tests of seed corn, but our
varieties are just as popular with the
farmers in that state as they are
elsewhere. Some of our breeding-
blocks and seed fields are in Okla-
homa. Sherman is only 14 miles
south of the Red River.
CHISHOLM, SURCROPPER AND
FERGUSON YELLOW DENT
The three varieties which have made such wonderful records are all
developments from, and improvements upon, Native Southwestern varieties.
By long years of testing, we have located the low yielding types and varieties
and discarded them. At the same time we found the best foundation types
and have improved them. We have developed a number of varieties, but
now grow only three varieties — the three best. They are varieties that get
results in the Southwest. They are the varieties you should plant to fill
your cribs. Plant the bred-up, high yielding, wealth-producing strains.
Plant Certified, Pedigreed Seed of Chisholm, Surcropper and Ferguson
As to the Truthfulness of Claims: You are at liberty to dis-
* count any claims we make if they are not backed up by reports from
old customers or scientifically established results from the Agri-
cultural Experiment Stations.
Breeding- Up Seed Corn
Better Yields — Better Stalks — Better Ears
Improving Stalk Characters. — We do not grow com for stalks, yet we give just as much attention to
developing good stalk characters as we do to developing good ear quality. Every year all the seed for our
breeding blocks and special stock seed blocks is selected in the field. But, why select corn in the field?
CRIB SELECTING vs. FIELD SELECTING
By selecting seed corn from the stalks in the field, we know more about the characters of the stalk than
if we merely selected good ears from the crib. This feature alone adds an extra value to our seed corn
that will many times pay for the cost of the certified seeds. This work gives many advantages.
The Advantages are Many
“A Good Ear
in the right
(a) Ears from stalks that stand up,
produce sounder corn. We never
select our seed ears from stalks that
are broken over or blown down.
The stalks must be stout enough to
not break over and must have roots
enough to keep them erect. By
continuing this selecting year afte r
year we have greatly improved the_
tendency of the stalks to stand up
against wind and blowing rains, thus
reducing storm damage. This often
means a saving of several bushels to
(b) Ears that hang down when
matured are never weather stained or
rotten at the butts like ears that stand
up and catch the rain. This is a char-
acter that varies widely from season
to season, but our persistent selecting
reduces the damage that occurs in
wet summers. If it saves 50 ears to
the acre, it more than pays for the
cost of the seed.
(c) Ears with shucks well closed at the tips are less
likely to be attacked by weevils, birds, squirrels,
or rats in the field. In our Southern climate they
keep better in the crib.
(d) Stalks with ears at medium height are less
likely to fall over than when they are high up.
They are also usually better ears.
(e) Crib selection of seed ears is likely to result
in the selection of ears that are large and well
matured merely because they have been favored in the
field by extra space, or rich spots. Such ears are
probably inferior in natural producing power io good
ears produced under normal field
conditions . Again by selecting
seed corn in the crib we run a
chance of getting a good ear that
came from a stalk that was (1 )
Down or, (2) Broken over, or a
stalk that had the (3) ear too
high, (4) standing erect on the
stalk, (5) not closed over at the
tip to protect from weevils, etc.,
all these chances against one that
we will get an ear from a stalk
with good characters.
Putting Quality Into the Ears
Our seed corn produces winners at the corn shows. We still believe in the use
of the score card, not only at the corn shows, but also on the farms where good corn
should be grown. No better proof of our attention to developing good ear characters
can be offered than the frequent premiums given to parties who grow our varieties.
Corn grown from our seeds has captured most of the sweepstakes and first prizes
in the local and state corn shows.
Go To Any County or State Corn Show
In the Southwest and you will find prize-winning exhibits of CHISHOLM and FERGU- . „
SON YELLOW DENT. SURCROPPER does not “shine” at the shows. But my! ‘‘st^dm^Out*
how it wins out in the field-tests of yielding power. Bold and Bad;”
The Ferguson Good Seed Trophy
Ham Fleming, Winner 1914
Ham Fleming, mayor of
Victoria, Texas, is also a pro-
gressive farmer, growing a
large acreage of corn for feed.
He buys Ferguson’s seeds
every year, notwithstanding
the fact that he has seed from
his fields that won the FERGU-
SON GOOD SEED TROPHY
for best yield in 1914.
He knows us and the quality
of our seeds. Mr. Fleming is
just like hundreds of others
who come back tc us every year
or so to get our most recently
Awarded annually to the farmer
entering the HIGHEST YIELDING
selection in the contests conducted
by the Texas Field Crops Association.
Surcropper — Chisholm
Ferguson Yellow Dent
Gates Thomas, Winner 1915
Prof. Thomas teaches Eng-
lish in the Normal College at
San Marcos, but he is also a
real farmer “on the side.’* He,
too, is “out for a pointer’’ at
any time when he selects seed
for his farm.
He insists that it costs no
more to cultivate well-bred
seed than the scrub kind. He
keeps books on his farm too,
and he can “show the figures”
that have made him a regular
customer of the Ferguson Seed
The Ferguson Good Seed Trophy is a magnificent punch bowl of about ten gallons capacity. It is
awarded annually by the Texas Field Crops Association to the farmer growing the Highest Yielding selection
of seed corn from either SURCROPPER, CHISHOLM or FERGUSON YELLOW DENT Corn.
Every grower of any one of these three varieties is urged to contest for it. All that is necessary is to
send 10 of your best ears to the Texas Corn Show, held in January of each year. For information about
contests for this Trophy see the catalog of the Texas Field Crops Association issued annually. Write to
Prof. D. A. Saunders, Secretary, Texas Field Crops Association, Greenville, Texas.
Grand Champion Sweepstakes, 10 ears in
Texas Crop Show, 1916. FERGUSON YELLOW
DENT grown from our seed by Mr. A. Wicker.
This Man Remembers the Crop, but has For-
gotten the Price. — “In 1914 I ordered 1 bushel of FER-
GUSON YELLOW DENT corn and made 40 bushels to
the acre while other corn did not make anything. I
think it is the best corn grown for this country. I will
try it and your SURCROPPER both this year and give
results later.’’— Jno. H. Simmons, R. No. 3, Delta county,
An Early Pioneer Says “Best Corn I Ever Raised.”
—“Your FERGUSON YELLOW DENT corn last season
was the largest, heaviest, best corn I ever raised. I am
66 years old and living in the house in which I was born.
Can cheerfully recommend it to all who want the best
corn.” — J. Taylor Allen, Fannin county, Texas.
Champion Sweepstakes, 10 ears White Corn,
Texas Crop Show, 1916. CHISHOLM, grown
by Gates Thomas.
If you want to fill your cribs with Corn
good enough to be Champion Sweepstakes
Prize Winner get seed from
FERGUSON SEED FARMS
Will It Pay To Buy Freshly
Improved Seeds Every Year?
This is a question we are often asked to answer.
On the theory that we are breeding our seeds
up every year and that in the hands of our growers
they are running down every year, it would seem
wise. Mere crib selecting is not going to “keep
the seed up.”
But Here Are the Facts
of a test that tell you How Much you would
gain by using our freshly bred-up seeds every year.
The facts were developed in this way: Gates
Thomas won the Ferguson Good Seed Trophy for
1914 by supplying the best yielding selection of
CHISHOLM corn The tests cn which the award
was given were made by the Texas Experiment
Stations at Temple and Nacogdoches, and by the
U. S. Department of Agriculture at San Antonio
Mr. Thomas had secured his seed from us two
years previous. It so happened that freshly im-
proved pedigreed seed of our CHISHOLM was
also in these same tests.
The freshly improved seed from our fields out-
yielded the second year seed from Mr. Thomas in
all four tests with an average gain of 4 Ve bushels
Pleased AH Who Saw It. — “The seed corn bought
of you was perfectly satisfactory. The prettiest that I
ever saw and brought very favorable comment from all
who saw it.” — Geo. Hogge, Ellis county, Texas.
His Neighbors Said “Best Corn in Jactaon
County.” — “I am well pleased with your FERGUSON
YELLOW DENT corn. It made good corn, in fact
better than any of my neighbors and not any rain whatever
while it was making. My family physician said it was
the best corn that he had seen in this country. Others
said the same thing.” — J. L. York, Jackson county, Texas
Made 60 Bushels to the Acre and Won Several
Premiums.— “The FERGUSON YELLOW DENT corn
I got from you last year was good. I made 60 bushels
to the acre and won several premiums and sold all the seed
I had at $3.00 per bushel.” — J. E. Keyworth, Ellis county,
This man is making money by using Ferguson’s
Seeds. — “I have been planting your improved seed for
three or four years with good results. Now I want to
try your FERGUSON No. 71 OATS on a small scale. I
have one and a half acres fenced to itself. I sowed in
wheat two years ago, turned that under the 20th of May,
planted to FERGUSON’S MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton
the 10th of June and made one and a half bales of cotton.
This year I have sowed it to FERGUSON YELLOW
DENT corn and peas. Best corn in eight years. Next
year I want to make 100 bushels of FERGUSON No. 71
OATS.” — M. H. Nichols, Montague County, Texas.
Make the Calculations
Therefore, if a bushel of corn plants 8 acres,
then the gain from one bushel of freshly bred-up
seed is worth 8 times 4 Vs bushels, or an extra
gain of 33 3 / 6 bushels from one bushel of freshly
A similar result occured the year previous
when Ham Fleming, mayor of Victoria, won the
Ferguson Good Seed Trophy on FERGUSON
YELLOW DENT corn.
Yes, there is nothing that pays so well as
freshly bred-up seeds of established good yielding
varieties. But to be reasonably sure of the results
in your crops, you must be just as reasonably sure
of the source of the seed.
are very important for Northern corn, but Southern
corn free from weevils will usually give very high
germination records. However, we test our corn.
We do not guess. The record rarely falls below
95% to 98%. And yet we do not guarantee a
stand in the fields. We have no control over
temperature, rainfall or tillage. See what we say
about testing the germination in our Stringless
Guarantee on page 1.
Weighing up the yields from the progenies in a
SURCROPPER corn breeding block on the Ferguson
Seed Farms. This is one method of adding quan-
tity to quality in breeding-up seed corn to make
good yields, and to eliminate the uncertainties of
opinion in the work of making good seeds into better
Tfee Ears of Ferguson Yellow Dent ~re 7 to 10 incites long, with large, hroad,
deep, golden-yellow grains.
Of the thirty or more varieties of yellow corn
grown in the Southwest, FERGUSON YELLOW
DENT is undoubtedly the best and the most
popular with progressive corn growers. This
statement need not be accepted on our “say so.”
Judge it by its record. Name another variety if
you can, that will reasonably compare with it.
HERE ARE THE FACTS THAT CONVINCE
The Texas Field Crops Association recognizes
and recommends FERGUSON YELLOW DENT
for general planting. This recommendation is
based on nine years’ field tests where this variety
has^ been grown, in competition with all other
varieties. These tests have been made at Green-
ville, . Waco, Sherman, Temple, College Station,
Austin, New Braunfels, San Antonio, Kerrville,
Victoria and other points.
The Arkansas Crop Improvement Association
has similarly recognized this variety. Their recom-
mendation is based on the numerous variety-tests
made by the Arkansas Agricultural Experiment
Station, covering many years and in all parts of
It has won position in the variety tests in
Northern and Central Louisiana several years in
succession. No authoritative tests have been re-
ported for Oklahoma, but the breeding blocks in
which we have developed this variety have been
grown in North Texas and Southern Oklahoma.
The seed we send you, will be abundant evidence
that it does as well in Oklahoma as it does elsewhere.
The Corn Growers Utility Cup for 1914,
awarded for “Best Yielding Seed Corn” was given
to us over 65 other contestants. This magnificent
trophy was awarded in practical field tests, con-
ducted by the Texas Field Crops Association, in
co-operation with the U. S. Department of Agri-
culture and the Texas Experiment Stations at San
Antonio, Temple, Troup and Greenville.
It has probably won more Corn Show Prizes
than all other Southwestern yellow varieties com-
bined. The records of premiums won at State,
District and County Corn Shows are too numerous
to mention. It has been the Grand Champion
Sweepstake corn in the Texas Field Crops Shows
MATURITY AND ADAPTABILITY.
It is a medium early variety, usually maturing
from 120 to 130 days from planting. The ears are
blocky and well shaped, usually 7 to 10 inches long
and about the same in circumference. We are
breeding to a standard of 14 to 16 rows of broad,
deep, shiny, golden yellow grains. They always
please. The ears usually shell out 84 to 88%
grain. The legal standard calls for only 80 % grain.
It has proven its adaptability to a wide range
of climates, soils and seasons. It is a high yielder
on uplands and produces magnificent results on
bottom lands. It produces abundant yields of
fine, heavy corn in Northern Oklahoma, Eastern
Arkansas and Mississippi, and is a sure, safe corn
throughout the corn belt in Texas.
With a long list of first and sweepstakes prizes
from the Corn Shows, and such consistent records
for highest field yields, there is abundant justifica-
tion for the assertion, “It is the Best Yellow Corn
for the Southwest.” Nothing equals it for pro-
ducing quality, bushels or dollars.
"seed l \
A Prize Winner
“Won first prize in
1913 at the Parker
County Fair on my
LOW DENT corn,
seed purchased of you.
My daughter won
second prize ($10.00)
at the Dallas Fair this
year, 1914, and a free
trip to the Fair. Sold
15 bushels for seed last
spring at $2.00 per
bushel. I think it is
the corn for this coun-
try. I may try some
of your SURCROP-
PER next year.” — L.
E. Neal, Parker coun-
Made 20 Bushels
More Than Com-
LOW DENT corn pur-
chased from jmu this
spring made about 30
bushels per acre where
the corn I have been
planting for years made
about 5 to 10 bushels
to the acre.
I think your LONE
STAR cotton is fine.
Will plant my entire
crop to it next year.
It is all and more than
you recommend it to
be. I want some more
cotton seed and corn
in the spring.” — W. M.
Ashley, Lamar county,
These Grains of Ferguson Yellow Dent Are
Actual Size — Large Grains — Large Germs.
Hand selected, shelled, sacked.
Per peck $1.00
1 to 5 bu., per S»u 3.50
6 to 12 bu., per fosi . 3.25
14 to 25 bu., per bu 3.00
Extra Select Ears on Cob. Not
show ears, nor ears of extra size
or finish, but extra good seed,
$5.00 per bushel.
Extra Special Pedigreed Seed.
From special seed blocks, shelled
$5.00 per bushel. Only a little to
Pro&t By the Experience ©f Others. — Our am-
bition is not to sell the most but only the best varieties
for the Southwest. We do not promise perfect samples,
but we can satisfy any reasonable man. In proof of our
ability to produce farm seeds that will “make more to
the acre,” we refer you to the extracts from letters of
Better Than Ordinary Success. — FERGUSON
YELLOW DENT corn made 51 § bushels to the acre on
five foot rows. Mebane Triumph cotton made 4 bales
on 4 acres. — D. N. Davis, Franklin county, Texas.
Short, But to the Point.— FERGUSON YELLOW
DENT corn is fine. It is a heavy yielder and stands drouth
well. — T. P. Palmer, Upshur county, Texas.
Chisholm Corn Breeding Block. The difference in yields of the different strains
is measured by scales. Seed is saved only from the heavier producers.
would be prac-
tically the same
if the crop were
cotton, oats or
wheat. Be hon-
est, frank and
you using fresh-
1 y improved
seeds for your
losses if you
“Field Selected Ears from De-tasseled Stalks in a CHISHOLM Corn Breeding Block”
Experiment Station Tests Show This to be the Best
Medium Early Corn for the Southwest
CHISHOLM is one of the two varieties of
White Corn, recognized as a “Standard, High-
Yielding Variety” by the Field Crops Association
in Texas. It is also classed in the same way by
similar associations in Oklahoma and Arkansas.
REMEMBER: We sell no seeds that we can-
not honestly, and in good faith, recommend for the
best interests of our customers. We recommend
CHISHOLM as a safe, white corn for general
purposes, the best there is in its class.
HISTORY OF CHISHOLM CORN. This
popular native white variety of corn was developed
as well as named and introduced by A. M. Fer-
guson. He has bred it up to a high degree of ex-
cellence since it was first introduced. It belongs to
a type of red-cob white corn that is widely dis-
The present high-bred, high-yielding strain
which he named “CHISHOLM” has proven to be
a much better yielder than the original type or
any of the similar looking white-grain, red-cob
varieties often fraudulently sold for Chisholm.
This statement may be verified by reference to the
results of variety tests made by the State Ex-
periment Stations and the U. S. Department of
Agriculture . in the Southwest. There are Texas
firms that still continue to import St. Charles
White corn from Northern Missouri and sell it to
Southwestern farmers as native grown Chisholm.
Our “Certified Seeds” protect you from fraud.
RECORD FOR HIGH YIELDS. It is need-
less to stop and detail the records of superior yields
made by this attractive variety of white corn. The
fact that it has been officially recognized as a
Standard variety in three states is sufficient. It
is as widely and popularly known as FERGUSON
YELLOW DENT and is an equally good yielder.
It is probably a few days earlier, stands drouth as
well or possibly better.
As a milling corn it has no equal. CHISHOLM
is a very attractive, strictly native-bred variety.
It is attractive because of its large, sound, creamy-
white, oily grains, that completely cover a bright-
red cob. The ears are large sized in favorable
seasons, but if by chance the season makes them
small, even the nubbins will show attractive, well-
matured grains, with a large germ. The ears are
stocky, not slender, and usually covered over at
the tips by heavy, coarse shucks that give an ex-
cellent protection against weevils.
It is a medium early corn, maturing in 115 to
125 days. The ears are usually 7 to 9 inches long
and about the same in circumference. They usually
have 14 rows of grains, ranging from 12 to 16. rows,
with 45 to 55 grains to the row. See how big the
grains are in illustration on the opposite page.
They show actual size.
We have good seeds, carefully prepared, giving
good germination tests. They “Look Good,”
they ARE good, and they will give GOOD RE-
SULTS at harvest time.
Shelled, per peck ....$1.00
1 to 5 bu., per bu $3.50
6 to 12 bu., per bu . . .$3 .25
14 to 25 bu., per bu. .$3.00
CORN ON COB.
Extra selected ears; not show
ears, nor ears of extra size or
finish, but extra good seed,
per bu ....$5.00
Prom special breeding blocks,
shelled, per bu. None to spare
this year $5.00
We Need a Seed Law for
Attention has previously been called to the fraudulent actions of a
neighboring seed firm in Grayson county that sold thousands of bushels of
St. Charles White Corn, grown in Missouri, for native Texas grown Chis-
holm Corn. The yield was only about one-half that of the real Chisholm.
See the results reported by the San Antonio Experiment Farm. The
farmers who planted this corn, fraudulently sold for CHISHOLM, were
robbed out of half a corn crop.
We mention the above fact to caution intending purchasers to be
careful to get seed corn that corresponds with the label. And to call
attention to the fact that neither Texas, Oklahoma, nor Arkansas has a
law that will put those who perpetrate such frauds in the penitentiary
where they belong.
Write to your Representative in the Legislature about a law requiring
seeds to be correctly labeled. A law that requires that seeds be correctly
labeled is asking for no more than is fair. To have the variety name on
the label to correspond to the variety of seeds in the bag is not a business
hardship. Such a law will damage no one except the unreliable seedsman.
It will be a better day when such seedsmen are not allowed to con-
tinue a practice that inflicts such great damage on farmers.
The mills label their feeds as required by law. There is a law against
misbranding and adulterating foods, drugs, etc. Why not seeds.
From the Arkansas Experiment Station. — “It is our opinion that
the SURCROPPER corn, and CHISHOLM in particular, are suited to
conditions of medium light fertilty in the coastal plain region of South
Arkansas; likewise these varieties are suitable throughout the higher eleva-
tions in West Central Arkansas. The FERGUSON YELLOW DENT
corn seems to require soil of somewhat better fertility, but does well under
such conditions, especially in the sections named.” — Prof. L. W. Osborne,
Formerly Professor of Agromony, Arkansas Experiment Station.
“Nubbing hand selected seed ears
by machinery. Every ear saved for
seed is carefully hand-picked and
tipped before being shelled. From
the soft spring shelters the corn is
carried over two specially designed
seed corn graders that eliminate the
small and irregular shaped grains.
Machine planters give best results
when the seeds have been machine
Here Is What They Say About the Pudding.
Has Been a Customer for 9 Years. — “Enclosed
please find my check for $10.50 in payment for the seed
corn ordered from you. I have been raising your CHIS-
HOLM corn since 1897, and can indorse all you say for
it in your catalog.” — Olney Davis, Collin county, Texas.
Best Corn “For My Land.” — “CHISHOLM corn
is the best I ever saw for my land. Sandy Loam. This
corn was cultivated twice, too much rain and too dry
when it needed rain. Got 104 bushels of corn off of 4
acres.” — Frank Mahon, Victoria county, Texas.
Has Been Growing Chisholm for 4 Years. — “I
have been raising your CHISHOLM corn for four years
and am well pleased with it. I took first premium at
Milford last fall.” — Jno. Wohlwend, Ellis county, Texas.
Another Boost With a Dollar Mark — ($). — “I am
well pleased with the results of my CHISHOLM corn
crop. It made about 40 bushels to the acre while the
other corn on the farm made only 20 to 30 bushels.”
— Oran W. Cliett, Hayes county, Texas.
Has Continued Growing Chisholm Corn. — “I
planted 25 acres with your CHISHOLM corn late in
April and made an average of nearly 41 bushels to the
acre, slip shucked corn, 75 pounds to the bushel, which
because of the season is the poorest yield I have ever
made, but still about 10 bushels ahead of what any other
corn in the neighborhood did.” — Gates Thomas, Fayette
A Regular Old Time Customer.— “I have been
planting your seeds since 1908 and have always got good
results.” — Van Wisdom, Hamilton county, Texas.
The Whole Family Use Ferguson’s Seeds. — “My
father planted your Chisholm corn with good results.
My brother plants FERGUSON YELLOW DENT
CORN exclusively and thinks it is the very best going,
and he has made corn when others failed.
“I planted the FERGUSON ROUNDNOSE COT-
TON and found it to be a very heavy yielder. I planted
your IMPROVED OATS in 1912 and found them to be
very good oats. Enclosed find check for 14 bushels of
FERGUSON No. 71 OAT.”— H. D. Clark, Delta county.
For All Seasons
Early Maturing Like Northern Corn— Resists Drouth Like June
Corn— A Sure-Cropper Corn for Early Spring Planting
or Late Summer Planting
Thousands of farmers in five Southwestern
states have come to believe in us, our methods and
our varieties, because SURCROPPER corn has
filled their cribs when other varieties failed them.
In the Corn Shows it rarely gets a ribbon, because
the ears do not match up to the score-card require-
ments; but no mistake! It is a proven high yield-
HIGH YIELDS. In the Experiment Station
Tests no other variety has made so many records
for “Best Yields.” _ Six years in succession it has
been the highest yielding variety at the Denton
Experiment Station. It has several times been
“First” in the variety tests at San Antonio, Temple,
College Station, Nacogdoches and Shermatf,
usually securing these honors iu lean or dry years.
Even in seasons favorable to the longer growing
types, it often comes in near the top of the list.
Many farmers have written to us that SURCROP-
PER corn had filled their cribs when other va-
rieties failed. If you want to be sure of a reason-
able crop in dry seasons and a bumper crop in
favorable seasons, do not fail to plant at least a
third or a half of your crop in SURCROPPER.
HISTORY. SURCROPPER (An abbrevia-
tion of “Sure-Cropper” and pronounced Sur-
Cropper ) is a distinct type of field corn which has
been developed, improved, named and introduced
by A. M. Ferguson. In its original mongrel form
it attracted his attention in 1901, a very hard corn
season. The spring season was so dry that many
fields of corn utterly failed. SURCROPPER did
not. It made some corn when other varieties in
the neighborhood fell down before the hot winds.
This original stock was a very coarse, mixed or
mongrel type of corn. Through many years of
rigid selecting for good ear characters and breeding-
up by ear-to-row testing, it produces very attractive
ears, with large, white, wide grains of medium depth.
ADAPTATION AND RECOGNITION.
SURCROPPER and CHISHOLM are the only
two varieties of white corn recommended for general
planting by the Texas Field Crops Association.
No other white varieties have made the same con-
sistent high average yields in the nine years testing
conducted by this Association in co-operation with
the U. S. Department of Agriculture and the Texas
SURCROPPER usually requires from 105 to
120 days from planting to maturity, measured
from planting to the browning of the shucks. It is
two weeks earlier than ordinary native corn. It is
early like Northern corn, but has a great advantage
in its drouth-resisiting qualities. It usually yields
more than twice as much as Northern varieties.
When first introduced it was recommended
merely as an early corn for spring planting or as
a quick maturing corn for summer planting on
stubble lands. However, its many good qualities
made it popular far beyond expectations. It is
not only especially well suited to all up-lands in
Texas and Oklahoma, but has proven to be a good
yielder in Central and Northern Louisiana and on
up into Arkansas. On the lighter, sandy corn lands
in Eastern Texas and Central Oklahoma, it is proving
Its general use is being widely extended. There
are thousand of farmers in Western Texas, in the
Texas Panhandle and on up into New Mexico, who
advise that its early maturing and drouth-resisting
qualities make it their best yielder. It long ago
established a record for high yields throughout
Southwest Texas. Several times it has made the
highest yields of the many varieties included in the
tekts at the San Antonio Experiment Farm.
I "" HI SEED I
A Problem in Percentages:
If our pedigreed seed corn increases your
seed cost twenty cents an acre and increases
your yields 20 bushels, what per cent do you
make on your money?
Per peck '....$1.00
1 to 5 bu., per bu $3.50
6 to 12 bu., per bu $3.25
14 to 25 bu., per bu $3.00
PEDIGREED SEED. CORN ON COB.
From special breeding
blocks ; shelled, at
$5 per bu. Only a
little to spare.
Extra selected ears ,
not show ears, nor
ears of extra size
and finish, but ex-
tra good seed, per
Surcropper Corn in Oklahoma. “I am
delighted with the SURCROPPER seed corn I got
from you last year. It is the only corn that will
make on upland in a dry season that I know of,
and I have experimented with corn here for several
years. I planted April 15th and July 4th we had
roasting ears, and July I5th corn was made. (3
months.) We had no rain from May 29th for sixty
days. I am going to plant 100 acres of it next
season. All of my farmer acquaintances who
examined my corn will buy seed of me.”
Thos. B. Biggers, Oklahoma.
Hogs Down Surcropper Corn. “Referring
to your SURCROPPER CORN, I find it very
quick in maturing. Some did very well planted
July 17th. I think this corn may fill an important
place in our agriculture — planted with soy beans
after removal of oat crop, or other early crop to
hog down or make a silage, making a balanced feed.”
— R. K. Boney, Madison Parish, Louisiana.
Two “Good Things” — An old rail fence and a bred-
up strain of an old native corn.
The Size of Surcropper grains vary with the seasons,
but they are always good, vigorous grains
8 to 12 Bushels Better Than Four Other Va-
rieties. — “The SURCROPPER that you shipped Claude
Hester, Roxmd Rock, Texas, made the best corn of four
varieties this year by 8 to 12 bushels.” — Walter E. Davis,
Travis county, Texas.
$20.00 a Bushel for Seed Corn From
His Own Crib
“I had intended to write to you for some
time, but have been so busy gathering our
crop. I have just finished gathering our corn
and I am very well pleased with the SUR-
CROPPER. We had some of our native
corn in the same field and we could have
paid $20.00 per bushel for some more of the
SURCROPPER and made money. We like
the cotton seed you sent us too.” — E. F.
Brown, Tarrant County, Texas.
NOTE — If corn is worth only 50 cents a bushel
and a bushel plants only eight acres, an increase
in yield of only 5 bushels would mean a gain of 40
bushels, or $20.00. Note that many customers re-
port a gain of 15 to 20 bushels per acre from our
Farmers Prefer Surcropper After Seeing It Grow
In Test Witb Many Others. “As a result of the corn
variety test at this station last season, several of our
farmers are planting your SURCROPPER CORN and
are pleased with it.” — Guy T. McNess, Supt. Sub. Station,
Nacogdoches County, Texas.
How Cotton Breeding Helps
To Get More Money From Your Crops
We are breeding-up cotton. We are also growing cotton under average conditions and we are breeding
up a few of the better varieties of cotton to make them better yi elders under average “rough and tumble”
Cotton Must Be Bred Up Continuously
Every farmer knows that cotton seed “run out” by natural variation and by getting mixed at the gins.
It is plain to any one that if a variety of cotton is good , that some one must be continually selecting the
seed to keep the variety from running out. It is likewise obvious that if the variety is bred-up or improved
that some one must continue selecting seeds for a number of years with even greater care. And further, it is
obviously true that if these improved or better strains of these good varieties remain better , that the work
must be continued.
We are doing this work every season. We can describe only a few of the many things we do to make
the wealth producing characters of these standard varieties better from season to season.
How We Keep Up With Cotton Varieties
On page 3 we noted cases of well bred Mebane
Triumph differing in yielding power from 40 to
263 pounds of seed cotton per acre. Also on page
9 reference was made to show the difference in
yields resulting from just two seasons, breeding,
amounting to 4.2 bushels of corn per acre.
EVERY PURCHASER OF FIELD SEEDS will
be more likely to get the kind of seeds he be-
lieves he should have if he will insist on knowing
where and by whom grown and prepared as well
as where, when and how they have been bred-up.
PRACTICAL FARMERS who start out to secure
“Better seeds” will do well to remember that there
are four classes of people who have seeds for sale:
1. Plant Breeders. — Men who make a business
of growing seeds from first choice, superior yielding
individuals from year to year, and who grow their
commercial seeds from freshly improved stock-
seeds each year.
2. Seed Growers. — Persons who do not prop-
agate their own stock-seeds but secure seeds and
propagate for seed purposes. To merit the title
“seed grower” one should at least practice some
sort of “culling,” “rogueing,” “growing a seed patch,”
or other means by which a large per cent of the
obviously undesirable seeds may, at least, be ex-
cluded from the stock seeds used in growing the
3. Farmers who grow crops from year to year
but exercise no more than ordinary care in main-
taining the quality of their seeds.
4. Seed Dealers. — Persons or firms who buy
and sell seeds of all classes and grades, and from
various sources. They are usually without first
hand information about the quality of the seed,
except such as may be determined by the appear-
ance of the seeds themselves. Their supplies are
usually purchased from farmers or seed -growers.
As an example we had 46 varieties and strains^
of varieties growing in a variety test block on ourj
farm this year. We had three such tests in reality,'
because we wanted to check-up the accuracy of our
tests and observations. By continuing this work
every year, as we do, we always know what progress
we are making in our seed breeding, and what
progress others are making, for we get seeds from
other seed breeders to test in comparison with our
THE AVERAGE FARMER thinks . in terms
of “varieties and breeds” which he believes to be
good, or otherwise. Variety names often mean
very little. Of two Jersey cows, both well bred,
one may give two gallons of milk with 4% butter
fat, while the other may give four gallons of milk
with 5% butter fat. So with plants.
“Proving that ©nr Cotton Is 99% Storm Proof.
A cotton breeding block left unpicked until the storm
proof quality of different selections could be tested out
by the weather during August, September, October,
November and into December. Actual count on De-
cember 9th showed less than one-half of one per cent
locks on the ground.”
Merely Keeping Good Faith in Selling
Seeds is Not Enough
BECAUSE A DEALER MERELY KEEPS
GOOD FAITH in selling field seeds, is not going to
remove the chance that the seeds you receive are
not what you ordered. If we bought our seeds from
any and everyone, even though cost was not a con-
sideration, and even though we be honest in our
efforts to get a dependable grade of seeds, we would
still be dependent “on the other fellow” and so
would you. BUT we are not mere seed dealers.
WE HAVE INVESTIGATED YOUR SEED
PROBLEMS more than you have yourself. When
it is a matter of seed of varieties, selected, improved,
grown and prepared under our own arrangement,
we are giving you the benefit of the most thorough-
going, first hand study and investigation on your
field seed problems that has ever been made in the
Southwest. This claim is not made boastfully.
It is simply a question of how thoroughly we have
been studying your seed problems.
When it is recalled that for ten years we have
been testing, by practical field test, many samples
of varieties of cotton seed, including practically
all the varieties used by Southwestern farmers, it
means we have been spending time and money to
find out what are the best varieties for our cus-
tomers. Information from other sources has been
used to the same end.
From the standpoint of our own crops and the
reputation of our seed business it is to our personal
interest to have the best seed.
Here’s What the Careful Seed Breeder Does
to Make Seeds Better
DEALERS AND GROWERS DO NOT DO THESE THINGS.
(1) . We Practice Rigid Stalk Selection, saving seed every year
from well-formed stalks. Many farmers do not understand that we
may judge the probable fruitfulness of a stalk of cotton by its shape,
just as accurately as horsemen judge the usefulness of their animals
by their shape. Only seed breeders do this.
(2) . We select for early, rapid, continuous fruiting. These
characters have much to do with the usefulness of a strain or variety
of cotton. Only seed breeders having breeding blocks select stalks
that commence fruiting early, put on fruit rapidly and continuously
throughout the season. Only cotton breeding experts can do this.
(3) Boll Selection. — These well-shaped stalks must have well-
shaped, large, easily picked bolls. All seed saved for our breeding
blocks must have these good qualities. No one but seed breeders
do this work year in and year out.
(4) Storm-proof Quality is Tested Out Every Year in all our
selections. We do not merely judge storm resistance by “looking”
at the bolls. We test it by leaving our choicest and most expensive
seed crops in the fields without picking until November and December.
If the locks stay in the bolls and do not “string-out” we know that the
selections are storm-proof ; that 99 per cent of the cotton will regularly
be picked out of the bolls and not off of the ground. This means a saving
in ease of picking, and money in the “grade” of the lint. This is
another valuable character that cotton breeders render to their cus-
tomers. So far as we know, or have heard, we are the only cotton breeders
in the world that have been following scientific methods in developing
increased storm resistance in cotton. Many persons who visited our
breeding blocks in November and early December were surprised to
find breeding blocks unpicked, showing better than 99 per cent
(5) We Develop Good Fibre in our cotton. Another valuable
service that cotton seed breeders render. No one but specially trained
cotton fibre experts can intelligently select for good fibre. The fibre
of some of our improved varieties sells for one-half to four cents per
pound more than common cotton and as much as six cents a pound
more than Half and Half cotton.
“Daddy! Who Has the Best
WHAT WE DO TO MAKE COTTON SEED BETTER— Continued.
Cotton is a spinnable fibre.
This is the quality that makes it
current in the world’s markets,
and the Ferguson Seed Farms
does not propose to lose sight of
this important fact in seeking to
develop the wealth-producing
quality of this great Southern
BETTER PER CENT OF LINT
(6) The Ferguson Seed Farms is
a pioneer in applying exact,
scientific methods in develop-
ing high per cent lint in cotton.
We have not lost sight of the
fact that per cent of lint and
length of staple (within rea-
sonable limits) are second in
importance to gross yield of
lint cotton per acre. In car-
rying forward this important
work we make use of all the
necessary instruments and pre-
cision machines to eliminate
guess, chance or hasty opin-
ions. Mere seed growers, farm-
ers and merchant seedsmen do
not perform these valuable
services in breeding-up cotton.
“Ten-Saw Laboratory Gin used to gin small quantities of valuable new
strains of cotton. It allows accurate determinations of per cent lint and at
the same time keeps these new strains of stock seeds un mixed.”
Developing Larger Field Yields
(7) Large Field Yields is the most obviously valuable quality
of a good variety or an improved strain of a good variety. Seed
growers, farmers or merchant seedsmen do not produce several
hundred pure-bred pedigreed selections every year, much less do
they make detailed scientific studies of the
“Roller Gin. Has no saws. Used
in ginning seed cotton from single stalk
selections. This, gin used with the
balances, shown in illustration on page
21, allows us to make accurate determi-
nations of the per cent of lint in the
seed cotton of each individual plant.”
(1) Stalk characters,
(2) The earliness and rapidity
of fruiting habits,
(3) The boll characters,
(4) Storm-proof quality,
(5) The quality of the fibre,
(6) The per cent of lint, much
less to measure the ground
and count the stalks and
weigh the crops,
(7) Or to compare yielding
quality in a hundred or
more selections. Only
seed breeders, properly
trained, can render this
kind of service.
COME TO SHERMAN AND WE CAN SHOW YOU WITH
WHAT THOROUGH-GOING THOROUGHNESS EACH AND
EVERY PHASE OF THIS WORK IS CARRIED ON.
You Would Hurry to Put Your Money in a Strong
Bank if They Gave Security and Promised to Double Your
Money in a Single Year. Increased Yields Will Multiply
Every Dollar That You Spend for Our Seeds Ten to Twenty
A Good Turn Out In Spite of Boll Worms. “I ginned 1480
S ounds of LONE STAR cotton from seed purchased of you this spring.
lale weighed 566 pounds and was damaged by the boll worms. (38.2%
lint.) D. W. Murpbree, Hardeman County. Texas.
j GROWERS llllllllllli
HOW LONG and WHERE
Has Ferguson Been Breeding Field Seeds?
What Preparation Has He for This Work?
He was raised in Bell County, in the Country,
on a farm, and worked on the farm. He graduated
from the Texas A. & M. College in 1894; spent
two years in post graduate work in Agriculture,
and specialized in plant breeding; spent a season
with the late T. V. Munson, noted the world over
as a practical plant breeder; studied the science
and practice of plant breeding and botany at the
Missouri Botanical Gardens, Cornell University,
University of Missouri, etc. ; taught plant breeding
at A. & M. College of Texas and University of
Texas; has been actively engaged in breeding-up
corn, cotton, oats, wheat, etc., since 1903; first
commercial work done at Austin in 1903, and
continued at Sherman since 1906 ; 22 years of study,
13 years making a business of breeding-up field seeds.
Lone Star Sold for More Money.— “In regard to
your cotton seed: I planted LONE STAR last year.
I was well pleased with turn out and in fact I received a
higher price from buyers which adds one more to my
many reasons for being highly in favor of your improved
seeds. Count on me as one of your customers another
year.” — J. A. Gaines, Grayson county, Texas.
A Bale an Acre from LONE STAR COTTON in
Oklahoma. — “Was pleased with the yield and percent-
age of lint made by my Lone Star Cotton. Made a bale
to the acre and 38 per cent lint. I am planting 90 acres
this year. Received your seed annual, for which accept
thanks.” — C. C. Hightower, Jackson county, Oklahoma.
Mr. C. W. Goodman, Lecturer on Field Crops,
Texas Department of Agriculture, wrote us after inspect-
ing our breeding block of BOYKIN COTTON about
December 1, 1916, as follows:
“Owing to the lack of words in my vocabulary, I was
unable to express my opinion the other day before I left
of the field of cotton on. your farm. That field of short-
jointed, low-bearing stalks, standing erect, with an average
of 25 bolls to the stalk, none of it pulling out or laying on
the ground, was, to say the least, a surprise to me.
You have the most storm-resistant cotton that I
have seen anywhere, and I trust the farmers of Texas
will appreciate that feature of it, as well as its high yield-
Arkansas Gest Good Results Too. — “The FER-
GUSON ROUNDNOSE cotton seed ordered from you
last spring have made good, both in drouth and storm.
The pickers say it is the best cotton on the place and it
has stood the hard wind well — extra well.” — C. P. Hudson,
“Two views, showing good boll characters. The
back of the burr is broad and protects the seed cotton
The lint has good drag, which keeps it from becoming
‘stringed’ so that the wind does not get a chance to “whip
it out.” Boll at top of page 20 shows a similar boll pulled
out by hand to make it ‘look big’ and ‘catch the eye,’
but we would never save seed from a stalk having stringed
locks. They are not storm proof.”
“The length of hbre in cotton is important.
The above cut shows the staple of MEBANE TRIUMPH,
usually ranging from 1 inch to 1 1-8 inch long; Half and
Half from 1-2 inch to 3-4 inch, and LONE STAR from
1 1-16 inch to 1 3-16 inch long. The staple varies with
the seasons and soils. The samples photographed above
grew in the same field under the same conditions in our
variety test field.
What Does It Cost to Plant Cotton?
Many farmers hesitate to plant freshly im-
proved seed because they overestimate the ex-
pense. A bushel of cotton seed will plant 2 to 4
acres. This makes the total cost for “Ferguson
Seed” about 50c to $1.00 an acre. Deducting the
value of “just cotton seed” (25e to 50c an acre)
we see that the extra cost for the better seed will
be only 25c to 50c an acre. Two to four extra
pounds of cotton pays the bill. Why hesitate
when an advantage of $5.00 to $25.00 an acre is
practically certain? Observe this rule: don’t
hesitate to plant freshly improved seeds. Just be
sure that the seed you do plant are really well bred,
recently improved seed of good varieties.
A Standard Variety
For More Than
F if teen
Bred-Up For Bigger
Yields, Bigger Bolls
and Better Storm-
Absolute Proof of the Superiority of Our Strain
of Mebane Triumph
There is as much difference in wealth produc-
tion of different strains of Mebane Triumph cotton
as there is between different strains of Jersey Ca.ttle.
This was proved at the San Antonio, U. S. Ex-
periment Farm in 1912, where tests showed a
difference of 256 pounds of seed cotton per acre,
and per cent of lint varying from 38.2% down to
35.4%. The test included only well-bred strains.
Seed of our varieties not only showed the highest
yield (the next highest being an even 100 pounds
lower), but our seed of Mebane Triumph out-
yielded all others in the test, including seed from
the originator, which was excelled by 40 pounds to
Again in 1914, two seasons later, the North
Louisiana Experiment Station made a similar test.
Here our strain of MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton
seed yielded 263 pounds more per acre than that of
the originator. Isn’t that proof sufficient that we
know how to breed up strains of Mebane Triumph
cotton that really DO yield better? If you want
GOOD MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton, does it not
tell YOU where to get the BEST Mebane
MEBANE TRIUMPH is a magnificent va-
riety, having many advantages that make the crop
It is a heavy yielder of seed cotton. The ob-
servations and general experience of farmers through-
out the Southwest prove that it has heretofore been
the best general purpose variety. It has been the
most widely planted variety for 15 years. Scien-
tific tests have proven that it is the hardiest and
most drouth resisting, large boiled variety in general
use in the Southwest.
It is not only a better yielder of seed cotton
than Rowden, or any other large boiled variety,
but it also turns out more lint cotton per hundred
pounds of seed cotton.
Making This Famous Variety More Storm Proof
Along with breed-
ing-up for better
yields, we have de-
in our strain. We
never harvest our
breeding blocks until
November or De-
cember and in our
there are less than
1^% of the bolls
with missing locks.
Neither do they get
“stringed-out” b y
the wind. This not
only makes our cot-
ton produce a better
grade, but affords a
great saving in the
cost of picking.
“Difference in Storm-Proof Quality in two varieties. These photo-
graphs show the cotton in the middles on November 4 of two varieties
of cotton. Both grew in the same field, not ten rows apart.”
This extra storm-
proof quality will
make a difference
often of from one-
half to two cents a
pound in the grade.
If you plant our
storm-proof strain of
UMPH, you will not
have to keep the
children out of school
to run over the fields
four or five times,
because the entire
field can be thor-
oughly cleaned in
one or two pickings
without serious loss.
You will get a bigger
yield of higher grade
cotton and get from
$5 to $10 more per
bale. That’s what
these big extra storm-
proof bolls mean.
We have also given special attention to im-
proving length, drag and body of the staple. We
are “pulling the staple” on all of our selections of
MEBANE TRIUMPH and trying to maintain the
full commercial 1-1-8-inch staple.
Per Cent of Lint
Every farmer realizes that a gain of just one
per cent in the turn-out of lint adds about 15 pounds of
lint cotton to the bale; that 2% adds 30 pounds; 3%
adds 45 pounds; 4% adds 60 pounds; 5% adds 75
pounds, etc. When cotton is 20c a pound this 5%
gain adds $15.00 to the value of the, bale.
To add only one per cent to the turn-out of
lint, to the cotton crop in Texas alone at present
prices will bring about $9,000,000.00 more to Texas
farmers every year; 5% would add $45,000,000.00.
Do you know what we are doing to keep up this
5% advantage in lint f Here is a brief account of
what we do every year. A thousand or more in-
dividual stalks are picked into separate paper bags.
“Working out tlie per cent of Lint In Individual
Selections. All our cotton seed descend from carefully
selected individual plants. These selections must prove
up good linting quality before they are selected for further
tests in breeding blocks. See illustration on page 18 of
Each bag is graded, each lot weighed on delicate
scales, the crop from each plant is ginned on a
special roller gin (see cut), then the seed and lint
are weighed separately, and from this we calculate
the per cent of lint to a fraction. Only the seed
from selections running 38% to 42% lint are
saved for further propagation. The crop grown
from these proven high-linting selections is ginned
on our ten-saw laboratory gin. If it holds up to a
good per cent of lint it is saved and planted in
multiplying blocks. Three to four years of this
work is necessary to produce extra high linting
seed used to plant our increase fields.
Our MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton has made
wonderful records in the Texas Panhandle where
early, rapid fruiting and good storm-proof qualities
are needed. It has also proved superior in South
Texas and Louisiana.
“Hand Picking Cotton Seed. There is a
small per cent of off-colored and off-type seed that
come into pure line selections of high-bred strains.
These are removed from our seed during the first
three generations by finger picking.”
If you plant MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton,
you certainly will want to plant the best yielding
strain of this variety that is to be had. It will
pay you to get it regardless of price, for at the
present high price of cotton, no thinking farmer
can afford to plant poor seed.
How Our Seeds Are Prepared
As the cotton comes in from the fields the gin-
ning and handling of the seeds is all done under our
supervision. All our ginning has been done at one
gin for nine years. There are no screw conveyors,
but specially designed drags that take the seeds to
our own special hoppers at the gin, thus avoiding the
mixing which occurs where screw conveyors are
In changing from one variety to another the
rolls are dropped and cleaned and likewise all
spouts, conveyors, seed cleaners, etc. The seed
are then hauled directly to our special cotton seed
warehouses where they are run over seed cleaners
(sometimes called “cullers”) to remove any dirt,
locks, burrs, etc.
The seed are sacked up from the bins just
before shipping, and our seal and certificate placed
on every bag, just before it leaves the warehouse.
All seeds are shipped on our Stringless Guarantee.
.See inside cover page.
—Prices Mebane Triumph —
Subject to change. Regular stock, cer-
tified, re-cleaned seed, put up in 4-bushel
bags, as follows:
One peck, 75c; 1 to 24 bu., $2.00 per bu.;
28 to 52 bu., $1.90 per bu.; 56 to 100 bu.,
$1.80 per bu.; 104 bushels or up, $1.75.
Special prices on car lots.
SPECIAL PEDIGREED SEEDS. We
have a limited amount of Extra Special Seed
of third and fourth generations from breeding
block selections. These seed are positively
the best to be had. As long as the surplus
supply lasts, we quote straight at $3.00 per
LONE STAR COTTON
“A TypicaS Stalk of Lone Star Cotton, removed from the field in November. Note the large size of even the
late top bolls and the storm-proof quality of the low early bolls. The limbing shows early, rapid and continuous fruiting
IT YIELDS MORE PER ACRE
Larger Bolls— Better Quality of Lint— More Storm Proof
— Sells for More Money Per Pound
“An Unsolicited Letter of Appreciation.”
Cuero, Texas, September 18, 1916.
A. M. Ferguson, Sherman, Texas,
Dear Sir: “This spring I purchased from you quite a lot of seeds and I want to give
you an unsolicited letter of appreciation. Both corn and cotton seed were all that you
claimed for them, and, in spite of poor season, our yields were very gratifying.
The LONE STAR cotton was most satisfactory, the bales ginning from 36 to 42.6
per cent and a total yield of 25 per cent over the common ‘gin run’ seed planted last year.”
- Yours very truly,
(Signed) CHAS. A. REID.
Lone Star attracted attention at Experiment
Station in West Texas. — “In reply to your letter of
recent date relative to LONE STAR cotton seed, wish
to thank you very kindly for the seed and for co-operat-
ing with us in the testing of varieties.
“I wish to take this opportunity to state that I was
very forcibly impressed with the good showing made by
your LONE STAR .last year.”
R. E. DICKSON, Superintendent,
Spur Experiment Station, Dickens County, Texasr
The observations of many farmers reported by
an Oi! Mill Manager. — ‘‘Your letter of the 25 oh re-
ceived and contents noted. We received quite a few
bushels of your ‘LONE STAR’ seed last season, selling
them to the farmers, and have found that they are rapidly
gaining favor, and are replacing ‘Rowden’ seed in this
section, also. Especially have they been praised by those
farmers who planted with your seed upon bottom lands,
finding that they do not grow rank, and shade the plant
as in other cottons. We feel that your seeds are worthy
of much praise.”
Yours very truly,
THE COMMERCE OIL MILL,
(Signed) By O. P. MARSHALL, Mgr.
Lone Star Cotton Makes Friends
Wherever It Is Grown
If we had no better evidence than hundreds
of letters from old customers reporting results like
Mr. Reid, it would prove that LONE STAR was
a money-making variety of cotton.
Many of our old customers in sending in their
orders for fresh stocks of LONE STAR cotton
advise us that they have sold the seed out of their
own crops to their neighbors who saw the cotton
growing in their fields.
We have yet to meet a farmer who has given
LONE STAR cotton a fair trial, who does not plan
to grow more of it. They all speak favorably of
this really wonderful cotton.
We have never yet been guilty of exploiting “new
things.” We pledged “good faith” in a sincere
effort to “make a business of improving varieties
already known to be among the best for general use.”
We weigh the facts - of scientific investigation
and the record of general experience before we have
recommended any variety. We are proud of a
record of having never introduced a variety of
corn, cotton or oats that has not given general
satisfaction. To be sure we have abandoned some
of the varieties which we first introduced, but .
merely because we have produced or found some-
thing that was substantially better.
No mistake about LONE STAR COTTON.
Seven years ago this variety came to us with the
recommendation of the cotton specialist of the
U. S. Department of Agriculture. It was explained
to us that the Department would never have in-
troduced this new variety had it not proven to be
better than existing varieties. It was the same
cotton breeding specialist who had directed the
work that developed MEBANE TRIUMPH cotton.
This variety was then, just as now, the variety
that was most generally recognized as the “Best
We were profoundly impressed with the results
of the first tests made seven years ago. Today we
are thoroughly convinced . beyond any reasonable
doubt that LONE STAR cotton is sure to become
the leading variety of cotton.
Special Advantages of Lone Star
We grow MEBANE TRIUMPH and believe
that we have offered the facts to prove that we have
an exceptionally good yielding strain. In general
LONE STAR is better, however, and has these
1. Larger Bolls — hence easier to pick. 37 to
50 to the pound of seed cotton under average con-
ditions. This is much better than 75 to 125 grabs
to pick a pound of an ordinary small boiled cotton.
2. More Storm Proof. — When cotton is so
storm proof that it can be left in the field until
November and December and the entire crop
gathered at one picking without serious loss from
winds or rain or sprouting in the bolls, it would
certainly seem that perfection is not far off. When
labor is hard to get or bad weather keeps you out
of the field, this quality may be worth half a crop.
It also means that your entire crop may be gathered
at one picking, if need be, without being in danger
of serious damage. This is the case with LONE
3. Field Yields are as good, if not noticeably
better, than MEBANE TRIUMPH. This is the
general opinion of practically every farmer who
4. High Per Cent of Lint in seed cotton
ranging with MEBANE TRIUMPH from 35 per
cent to 42 per cent, depending on seasonal conditions.
5. Extra Long, Strong Staple. — The lint is
longer, has more drag and body, qualities that are
greatly esteemed by spinners. These features are
readily gauged by reference to the illustration
showing the lint of LONE STAR, MEBANE
TRIUMPH and Half and Half, grown under the
same conditions. (See page 19.)
Lone Star Cotton Breeding Block In Early Summer Season.
SPECIAL ADVANTAGES OF LONE STAR— Continued.
The European cotton spinners pay a premium
for “Texas Middling” over similar grades coming
from the Eastern cotton states. The general use
of LONE STAR will greatly increase the amount
of the premiums for Texas staple. LONE STAR
staple ranges from 1 1-16” to 1 J4”, whereas
MEBANE TRIUMPH ranges from 1” to 1 1-8”
under similar conditions. It has better drag and
body than Mebane Triumph or Rowden.
6. The Staple Sells for More Money . — In any
market where the buyers pull the staple to fix prices,
and do not depend on just “grades” alone, LONE
STAR lint brings a premium over Mebane Triumph
and Rowden cotton ranging from to 33^c per
pound. This is equal to. $2.50 to $17.50 per bale
During the last three years these premiums
have been regularly paid at Sherman, Greenville,
Prices for Lone
Regular certified seed, put up in 4-bushel bags
with our seal and certificate on each and every bag,
are quoted as follows:
Per peck, 75c; 1 to 24 bu., $2.25 per bu.; 28 to
52 bu., $2.20 per bu.; 56 to 100 bu., $2.15 per bu.;
Paris, Honey Grove, Clarksville, Texarkana, and
they will be paid in any local cotton market furn-
ishing enough LONE STAR to enable the local
buyers to easily assemble large blocks of straight
LONE STAR bales.
Communities that have found their cotton prices
lowered because of large amounts of Half and Half
cotton can mend their ways and get extra money
by introducing LONE STAR.
This magnificent variety is the result of years
of earnest faithful work by Dr. D. A. Saunders,
Plant Breeder, U. S. Department of Agriculture.
With the exception of the U. S. Government,
we are the only parties regularly maintaining
scientifically controlled breeding blocks of this
variety, producing strictly pedigreed seeds, main-
taining strains of proven good quality.
Star Cotton Seed
104 bu. or more, $2.10 per bu. Special prices on
Special Pedigreed Seeds . — We have a limited
amount of Special Pedigreed Seed of third and fourth
generations from breeding block selections. As
long as the surplus lasts, $3.00 per bushel.
Ferguson Roundnose Cotton
Well Suited to Uplands— Best Yet on Rich Bottoms
We are proud of the reputation of this splendid
variety, which was originated and introduced
several years ago by A. M. Ferguson. It came
from a high yielding, early, rapid, continuous fruit-
ing selection out of Jackson Cotton. The name
refers to its habit of producing roundnose bolls.
The points of the burrs are very short and the
stickers do not injure the fingers when picking.
“Two Kinds of Cotton Growing Side by Side.
Rowden on the left and FERGUSON ROUNDNOSE on
the right. A heavy killing frost on November 2
killed all the unopened bolls. The FERGUSON ROUND-
NOSE made three times as much as the Rowden and
made it earlier and faster.” Moral: Plant early, rapid,
This character, however, is not absolutely fixed
in the variety. It shows about 95 per cent round-
nose bolls, and sometimes less if the seasonal con-
ditions are unfavorable.
FERGUSON ROUNDNOSE COTTON has
medium large bolls, is an early rapid fruiter, storm
proof, and is very desirable for bottom lands where
the tendency of ordinary cotton to produce too much
stalk reduces the yield of lint. We have produced
over a bale to the acre on high prairie land, from
stalks slightly above knee high. It produces
cotton — not weed. On bottom land the stalks will
be higher, but equally as fruitful. This variety
has made a wonderful record in river bottom lands
throughout Oklahoma, Arkansas, Texas, Missis-
sippi and Louisiana.
FERGUSON ROUNDNOSE COTTON is
especially desirable under severe boll weevil con-
ditions. On plantations in Southern Louisiana,
at the North Louisiana Experiment Station, in the
Costal region in South Texas, in Alabama and all
similar situations, it has proven to be exceptionally
desirable, making much larger yields than Mebane
Triumph and Lone Star.
The bolls are medium large, quite storm proof,
but easy to pick, has lint of good quality and gins
out from 34 to 41% depending on the conditions.
PRICE: Supply for this season sold out
largely on re-orders from old customers. Orders for
1917 crop will be booked at $2.50 per bushel.
A New Variety of
Many Good Qualities
A Mutation From
Quite Superior to
Boykin is the name we
have given to a new sport or
mutation from Mebane Tri-
umph cotton found in our
breeding blocks in 1913, com-
ing from our strain No. 8-06,
A 7-11. The exceptional value
of this new variety was fully
obvious from its first appear-
ance in our breeding block in
It is shown just as it was
first discovered in the illustra-
tion on the right. The rows on
the sides are selections of
Mebane Triumph Champion
Strain No. 8-06.
DO YOU BELIEVE THERE’S ANYTHING IN SEED BREEDING.
All rows were planted from seed of the same variety, but each row
was planted from the seed of a single stalk. All rows were planted
alike — same number of stalks. Any differences in the rows were there-
fore due to the differences in the reproductive powers of the seeds of In-
dividual stalks that were “full brothers.” Photographed Nov. 22, 1913.
Note storm-proof condition at even this late date.
COMPARATIVE YIELDS AND QUALITY
In this test, where all the seeds had been planted
with exceptional exactness to get the hills uniformly
just two feet apart in the drill, this selection A 7-11
was producing 18-1 /4 pounds, where the other
selections themselves, representing a favorite Cham-
pion High Yielding Strain were producing only 12
to 14 pounds. This represented a gain of about
30% in yield. On a basis of only one-half bale (a
fair average for reasonably good farmers) this would
amount to 225 pounds or at 5c a pound to about
$11.25 per acre.
This photograph was made on the 22nd of
November. The large size of the bolls and their
exceptional storm proof quality was just as obvious
as the extra heavy yield. Bad weather set in and
continued until well into December before the cotton
was picked and weighed. In spite of the damage
done by many visitors walking around examining
this remarkable mutation there was less than one
per cent of fallen locks when picked.
An examination of the lint showed it to have
more _ drag and body than Mebane Triumph and
practically the same in length. The average per
cent of lint was 38% with the different stalks
averaging from 36% to 40%.
Special consideration has been given to the
propagation of the seed to isolate from other cotton
and rigidly rogue out the variants. These have
been less than 5% during the last two years. It
is holding up so well and it has such exceptional
wealth-producing qualities that we have decided to
allow the surplus seed from our breeding and mul-
tiplying blocks to be distributed. On our own
farms a 20-acre block growing under similar but
equally unfavorable conditions averaged more than
300 pounds of seed cotton per acre than the other
varieties. This same lead in yielding quality was
evident last year.
BOYKIN COTTON HAS A FUTURE
Three years of the closest scientific investiga-
tion confirm this view. We are naming it for Mr.
Boykin, a pioneer in East Texas, long since
deceased. The cotton which Mr. Boykin devel-
oped is the parent of Mebane Triumph and Rowden
and, as detailed above, becomes the grand-parent
and revives the memory of a plain farmer who
rendered great service to the farmers of the South-
PRICES AND INTRODUCTION
Supply limited. Sold only in peck lots, one
peck to a person and one person to a community,
and it is understood that each person receiving the
seed must agree to report results and observations
after harvesting his crop. We want “lots of people”
to see this splendid variety growing in their own
community. PRICE: $2.50 per peck.
Ferguson No. 71 Oats
13 Years’ Improvement on Seed Breeding Farms.
4 Years of Record-Breaking Results
on Farmers’ Farms.
Bigger Yields 10 to 40 Bushels—
Customers Say So!
Why will farmers go on year after year planting
ordinary mixed, thresher-run red oats? Is there any reason
why you should be particular about corn, cotton and
other seeds and not about oats? Four years ago there
might have been an excuse, but there is not today, for
today you CAN get bred-up, certified pedigreed seed
oats, which according to the reports of many farmers are
producing 10 to 40 bushels per acre more than the ordi-
nary red oats.
Years ago we noticed how careless we all were about
our seed oats. We believed that oats could be improved,
and believing that it could be done, we went into the
best fields of oats in various parts of the country, selecting
individual plants for drouth-resisting qualities; for stout,
stiff straw; for better rust-proof quality, for hardiness
against winter killing to allow fall planting; and, of course,
for heavier yields of larger, plumper, sounder grains.
Champion Strain of 500 Selections
T .. . “Four stools of oats grown from four kernels of
In all nearly 1,000 selections were made and 500 oats selected from thresher-run or country-run seed,
separate stools were individually planted in separate head- They were propagated through three generations.
, ^ ba . . ci All grew under identical conditions m adjacent rows,
to-row tests, one grain to a hill one toot apart. See Compare time of maturing, height, vigor, etc.”
picture on page 27.
Each year the Champion Strains were saved for further testing
and observation. Selection No. 71 showed the most consistent
record for general excellence through the years and varying seasons.
Not until four years ago did we put it on the market. Only a
limited quantity was sold at first.
They are well known today. It would be strange if such
careful selecting did not produce remarkable results over the or-
dinary common oats. There is nothing in the Southwest that com-
pares with FERGUSON NO. 71 OATS regardless of price. It
is one of the best money makers we have brought out.
Freer Stooling — Costs
Less for Seed
Because of free stool-
ing habits you can get
a better stand from 1$
to 2 bushels an acre
than with 3 bushels of
T. J. Welch planted
10 bushels on 10 acres
and harvested 71$
bushles an acre.
Sell Your Crop
Nearly every farmer
who planted our seed
sold his entire crop to
neighbors for seed. It
will bring you fancy
prices over the market
if you do this.
“Threshing 1915 Crop of Ferguson No. 71 Oats.” 47 Acres Averaged 67 Bushels Per
Acre. Common Oats Near By Averaged 30 to 50 Bushels. We Grazed the
Field All Winter.
Better than the common, so-called,
A Hardy Oat for Fall Planting
Furnishes abundant winter pasture and
withstands winters South of Red River.
Stands Drouth Better
Results in dry seasons proved this;
makes little straw, but the grain is there.
Produces Extra Quality Grain
Tests have run frov 36 to 43 pounds per
bushel; bright, clean well filled grains.
The most remarkable thing about FERGU-
SON No. 71 OATS is the almost universal success
they have given in all sections and under all con-
ditions. We have never heard of a man who planted
them once, who would not plant them the next year.
Out of 16 reports from customers who bought seed
for the 1916 crop, fourteen farmers couldn’t praise
our seed enough. Only two complained and these
contrary reports were in no way due to the seed.
80 Bushels vs. 40 bushels. “The oats are all right.
They turned out well. They threshed 80 bushels per acre,
and the common oats 40. My neighbors all want them for
seed. The thresherman and my grain dealers advise me
not to sell them on the market at all, but to save them for
this community. They all think they are fine. I am well
satisfied with my investment.”
A. M. Morrison, Collin Co.
Increased His Yield 17 Bushels Per Acre. In
answer to your request will say your No. 71 Oats made 50
bushels per acre, while other oats made 33. Will plant
the ones I raised. Your oats did not fall down like the
other oats. These oats were planted the last of January.”
W. A. Shippey, Maypearl, Texas.
A Well Known Dairyman Made Money Out of
Ferguson No. 71 Oats.
Dallas, Texas, September 6, 1916.
“Replying to your recent circular letter with reference
to the experience I had with your FERGUSON NO. 71
I am very well pleased indeed with the yield, also
with the very excellent QUALITY of the oats PRO-
DUCED. The thresherman who threshed my crop
stated that it was the best quality of oats that he had
threshed this year, and I have disposed of the entire
amount as seed. My crop passed through the winter
well — practically all the other oats were killed during
the freezing weather, while mine were not damaged
seriously by the cold. They stooled very freely and
there was no evidence of rust whatever.
As stated above, I am very well pleased with the oats
and I look forward to good results in our community from
having purchased the initial supply.”
Very truly yours,
(Signed) C. O. MOSER.
Head Row Test FERGUSONi.NO. 71 OATS. The
Seed from a single selectedjhead are planted in a row, one
grain in a place, one foot apart. As a means of finding
out the best yielding plants, resistance to rust and drouth,
stiffness of straw and good quality in the grain, compare
this method with the old-fashioned fanning mill.
PRICES FERGUSON No. 71 OATS.
Double Recleaned, heavy, sound, big-grained seed
put up in branded 5-bushel bags, our seal and certificate
on each bag:
1 to 20 bushels per bu. $1.25
24 “ 50 “ “ “ 1.15
55 “ 75 “ “ “ 1.10
80 “ 100 “ “ “ 1.00
Grayson County Mediterranean Wheat.
PRICES ON SEED WHEAT
The price of wheat varies so widely
that standing quotations cannot safely be
made. We have secured dependable seeds
of the varieties described herein, and have
them growing. Write to us for special
prices, naming the quantity and variety
For many years we have realized that we Southwestern
farmers have not been “looking around” as we should have
been to see what could be done to assure better strains of
seed wheat. However, the Ferguson Seed Farms is at work
on this problem. It is our hope that work in this field will
be as productive of good results as our work on cotton, corn
and oats has been.
Heretofore our work in seed testing, breeding and grow-
ing has been largely with corn, cotton, oats and barley.
Our work on wheat is now well under .way.
SEED TREATED FOR SMUT
We treat all seed grains grown on our farms with formalin
solution to reduce smut in the crop. The good effects of this
treatment last for several years. Those who have suffered
losses from smut in their crops will do well to start anew
with treated seeds of good varieties. Many farmers lose 5
per cent to 15 per cent of their yields from smut and scarcely
notice it. This loss amounts to more than the cost of enough
good seeds for planting their entire crop.
PREPARATION AND CLEANING OF SEED GRAINS
All of our seeds of wheat, oats and barley are thoroughly
cleaned as they are brought in from the farms. We have
special machinery for this work. It not only removes all
chaff and straw, but also the light and immature grains.
Nothing is shipped out that is not in good condition for
planting. It will take less seed if you use your double re-
cleaned and graded stocks, because only the most vigorous
grains are saved for seed.
l\/TT?T»TT'T7'D T? A Nl? A W (Red Chaff; Red Berry.) This
JVLJiUilJiKKAnJiAiN gofti bearded variety is gen-
erally regarded as the best wheat for the Southwest. At
least most of the wheat grown in the Southwest is grown
under this name. However, inspection of the wheats in
the fields show that the wheat commonly planted as
MEDITERRANEAN is badly mixed, showing chaff of
several colors, whereas it should be red. The wheat
grains are of varying textures also. This unfortunate
condition results from growing thresher-run wheat for
several generations. It is about time that we South-
western farmers wake up and watch our own interests.
Grayson County Mediterranean Wheat
Grayson county is one of the banner wheat sections of
the entire Southwest. We have many large wheat growers
who are very particular about seed, who know from long ob-
servation the strains that give the best results. Grayson
County Mediterranean is a soft-bearded variety that is
generally regarded as the best for the Southwest. The
strain we have, while not pure, is probably the purest
and best to be had for the Southwest. It is thoroughly
acclimated, having been grown for more than twenty
years in this section and is used extensively by the most
wide-awake wheat farmers.
FULCASTER WHEAT bearded; White Chaff; Bed
widely grown wheats in the Southwest. It is a great
stand-by wheat. It is a bearded, early ripening, white
chaff wheat; its dark red berries are large, hard and plump.
It adapts itself to a wide range of soils and climates. Be-
cause of this it is considered “a safe variety” and is popular
in every wheat growing country. It is largely grown in
Denton and Grayson counties, the two leading gram
growing counties in the Southwest.
(Beardless; Brown Chaff; Red
Berry). This variety has made
a splendid showing at the Denton Experiment Station,
and should be more widely planted. POOLE is a very
popular wheat in many"states because of its heavy yielding
Seed dealers who do ‘‘seed improving in city ware-
houses” now and then come out with a glowing de-
scription of an old and good variety under a ‘‘New Va-
riety” name. Poole Wheat has been sold under many
names in this way. It is, of course, a good wheat and was
selected because it is good. If you want a good smooth-
head wheat, remember that POOLE is no experiment.
ETTTT7 WHEAT (Beardless; White Chaff, Red
u l i z, w -tiita i Berry) < This ls one of the oldesti
widest grown and most popular of the beardless wheats.
We of the Southwest have usually been growing bearded
varieties, but mere “habit” can be changed. The beard-
less wheats, as a class, are heavy yielders; they have
plump, round berries and are very attractive. Even
when weather conditions shorten the crops, the kernels
are usually plump, and for this reason the market value
is increased. FULTZ has a stiff straw which reduces the
tendency to lodge; it has a compact, well protected head
which reduces shattering in handling, and prevents
sprouting in wet weather. It is a good yielder. This,
with other good qualities shown, makes it a very desirable
variety to plant.
Barley is the surest of our pasture and grain
crops. It grows freely in warm winter days, pro-
vides an excellent pasture during the winter
months, and matures its crop of grain 10 to 15
days ahead of wheat. Barley usually yields from
20 to 50 bushels, to the acre; and, besides its
better winter grazing qualities, it is often more
profitable than wheat as a grain crop. It weighs
48 pounds to the bushel and its feeding values
is only a little less than corn. As a winter graz-
ing for hogs it is unequalled. Sow early on well-
drained land at the rate of 5 to 8 pecks per acre,
depending upon condition of the seed bed and the
time of seeding. Early seeding on a good seed
bed should not require over 6 pecks.
TENNESSEE WINTER BARLEY No. 257:
We secured from the Experiment Station stock of an im-
proved strain of pedigreed Tennessee Winter Barley,
known by number as U. S. P. B., No. 257. It has proven
to be “the best all ’round barley grown on the Station for
four years,” and is the surest and best yielder among the
many varieties tested. It is uniform in quality, type, and
ripening; it winters well and is practically free from smut.
Price: Per bushel. Please write for special prices.
TEXAS WINTER BARLEY:
scarcely distinguishable from the pedigreed variety de-
scribed above. This is the barley most generally grown
in Texas and Oklahoma. We offer re-cleaned seed of
TEXAS WINTER BARLEY grown on our own farms
and on the farms of men who have been co-operating with
us for a number of years, and who have grown this barley
successfully diming that time. PRICE: Per bushel.
Write for current prices.
Alfalfa — Cow Peas — Bur Clover — Velvet Beans — Peanuts
KING OF THE CLOVERS.
Alfalfa is a success in all parts of the Southwest. It is the only clover-
like legume that is successfully grown in the Southwest. It makes a fine
hay crop, yielding one to four tons per acre each season. It is a valuable
feed for all kinds of stock when used in connection with grains and cheaper
hays. Alfalfa is rich in protein, a muscle-forming nutrient that is not
abundant in ordinary hays and in the grains. After a field is a year old
it is one of the best hog pastures known.
Alfalfa can be profitably grown in any well-drained, rich to medium-
rich soil. Ground should be free from weed seeds and quite mellow, but
firm, level and friable before seeding. Plow the field at least a month or
two before planting. Seed may be drilled in or sown broadcast, at the
rate of 7 to 20 pounds per acre, at any time in late summer or early fall,
or in early spring near the end of the frost season. Fall seeding is better,
as it will save half a year. Young alfalfa will usually resist light frosts.
Prices of alfalfa seed varies. We handle only the best grades of tested
Prices: Subject to market changes, 10 !bs. $2.25; 50 lbs., $10.00.
Extra Fancy Alfalfa, per 100 lbs., $19.50 f. o. b. We do not quote
prices on low-grade seeds. Write for current prices on large orders.
SOUTHERN OR SPOTTED BUR CLOVER
Bur Clover is a winter growing, self-seeding annual
that has become well established in the fields and pastures
in many sections of Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana and Ok-
lahoma. Prof. Sanborn has been growing Bur Clover at
Stillwater, Oklahoma, for many years. Mr. Tom M. Marks
has been growing Bur Clover with great success at Jacks-
boro, Texas. The seed should be sown in the late summer
or very early fall on waste lands, Bermuda sod, etc., or
in cotton. Sow 10 to 20 pounds per acre.
We offer seed of an extra hardy strain in the bur
only, grown in the Northern limits for this crop. Avoid
seed of the California Bur Clover even if they are cheaper.
It is not satisfactory, because lacking in hardiness. Seed
in the bur are best, according to the recommendation of
the specialists on Bur Clover in the U. S. Department
of Agriculture. We recommend that the burs be treated
with hot water, according to the approved method re-
commended by the Government Specialists. This in-
sures quicker and freer germination of the seed. See
Bulletin No. 693, “Bur Clover,” U. S. Department of
Agriculture. Prices: One or more pounds postpaid,
50 cents per lb.; by express or freight collect, 10 lbs.,
$2.50; 50 lbs. $12.50; 100 lbs. $22.00.
EVERYBODY SHOULD GROW SOME CLOVER
After ages of practical experience, and according to
scientific analysis, no fact is better established than that
Cow Peas should be grown on every farm. It is well to
grow them as a “side crop” or “catch crop” on fallow
land; but by all means a number of acres should be grown
as a regular hay crop, and to renew and enrich the soil.
We know of a prosperous black-land German farmer who
regularly plants one-fifth of his fields to Cow Peas every
Land is getting high, and if you can, it will be profitable
to grow two crops a year on yours. Oats or Irish potato
fields may be planted in Cow Peas, and thus be made to
produce three crops — one in the spring, one in the summer
for feed, and one of nitrogen left to enrich the soil.
We have grown a number of kinds in variety-test
fields. Some are better than others for certain purposes.
The bushy varieties are best for peas, but the vine-pro-
ducing kinds make more hay for feeding or turning under.
Prices and Varieties. Write for current special
list of varieties and prices.
This crop serves both the stock and the land to good
advantage. As a legume, its vine and nut contain a high
percentage of protein, making it an especially valuable
feed for hogs. It is unequaled as a pasture for hogs.
When properly cured, the vines make a most valuable
hay. When plowed under as green manure, the vines add
nitrogen to the soil and improve its physical condition.
The Spanish nut is most generally planted for hay and
pasture. Write for prices.
Early Speckled Velvet Bean
This is different from the Mammoth Velvet Bean.
We have grown the Early Speckled variety and recommend
it as a superior velvet bean. Its running growth is re-
markable, and even when planted late it matures seed.
When planted in corn even after laying-by-time, this
velvet bean will cover the stalks in a short time. Try
this legume on our suggestion. Price postpaid, 1 lb.,
25c; 10 lbs., $1.00 f. o. b. Sherman; 1 bushel, $2.75.
Grain — Hay — Forage — Silage — Syrup
The grain producing sorghums (Hegari, Fet-
erita, Milo, Kafir and Shallu), the sweet sorghums
producing syrup and forage (Red Top, and other
sweet sorghums) and the hay sorghums (Sudan
Grass and Johnson Grass), are a new class of crops
which have been introduced from Africa during the
last half century. Because of their ability to resist
and endure drouth the sorghums have proven to
be of great value in regions having a limited or
irregular rainfall and especially valuable for spring
and summer planting in humid regions. They are
the main dependence for “feed crops” for the Western
portions of Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas.
Write for special prices. Market unsettled.
The grain sorghums have a feeding value
practically equal to that of corn. On the uplands
in Western Texas and Oklahoma the grain sorghums
will usually make more feed to the acre than corn,
and often more than twice as much. As a catch
crop on stubble land the grain sorghums are profit-
able, especially in dry summers when other feed
crops are scarce. Their use as catch crops in the
semi-humid sections is generally profitable.
Seeds will germinate under less favorable con-
ditions than corn. Seed should be drilled at the
rate of 2 to 6 seqds to the foot, varying somewhat
according to theland and its condition. This re-
quires four to six pounds of seed per acre. It is
usual to leave the plants from 4 to 12 inches apart
in foot rows. Feterita matures usually in 50
to 75 days; Milos, 90 to 105 days; Kafir, 100 to 120
days, and Shallu in 135 days.
FETERITA. — This new sorghum is rapidly
proving its worth because of its early maturity and
drouth-resisting qualities. These same qualities
make it very desirable as a catch crop after grain
in Central and East Texas and Oklahoma. It is a
good yielder. The grains are white and large.
MILO MAIZE.— There are dwarf and stand-
ard strains of red, yellow and white milo. The
dwarf milo is preferred. It grows to a height of about
4 feet under average conditions. Thick seeding
gives fewer pendant heads. The grains are the
largest of the sorghums, and are brittle and easily
YELLOW DWARF MILO.— Similar to the
other varieties of Milo, but having a yellowish color.
KAFIR. — The Kafirs, owing to the longer time
required for maturity, are hardly as sure a crop as
Feterita or Milo. A fair crop of Indian Corn may
be produced under conditions that will give good
results with the Kafirs. The foliage of the Kafirs
is darker in color than Milo, the stalks larger and
more erect, the leaves standing at a sharper angle
with the stalk. Kafirs are largely used as roughage
GRAIN SORGHUMS— Continued.
because the stalk is slightly saccharin, but this
varies with the different varieties. The Black-hull
Kafir and Red Kafir are most generally preferred,
especially the former for silage.
WHITE BLACK-HULL KAFIR.— This is the
standard variety of Kafir grown for grain. We can
usually supply good, well-grown, carefully threshed
seed of either dwarf or standard strains. Write
for current prices.
For Hay , For Silage and For Syrup
The sweet sorghums are distinguished from the
grain sorghums by the fact that the juices are very
sweet and sugary and the substance of the stems is
very digestible. The juices are used in making
syrups. They are also largely planted for forage,
hay and for filling silos. Of the many varieties of
sweet sorghums, Red Top or Sumac is the variety
most generally grown. It is more vigorous, has
more foliage, stands drouth better and makes a
greater tonnage for forage than any of the sweet
sorghums grown, often yielding from two to six
tons per acre. Every Texas cotton farmer who buys
hay with “cotton money” should plant a few acres
in Red Top Sorghum. Experience has demon-
strated that on any kind of land a farmer can grow
more rich, nutritious forage from one acre of Red
Top Sorghum than he can buy with the crop off of
two to three acres of cotton.
Red Top Sorghum sown for syrup purposes
should be planted very thin, about 3 to 4 pounds
to the acre. When grown for forage it is best to
broadcast it or drill it in with a grain seeder on well
prepared ground at the rate of 1 to 1 bushels per
acre. Plant shortly after corn planting time. It
often yields two to three cuttings of hay a year.
RED TOP OR SUMAC SORGHUM.— Seed
red to pale orange yellow. Prices very variable.
Send for special current quotations, stating quantity
HONEY SORGHUM.— This is a variety that
has been widely sold as “Japanese Cane.” It has
long, slender, reddish heads and is a very desirable
sorghum for syrup purposes. Our seed were grown
by a large sorghum grower who is very particular
about his seed. Prices: 10 pounds, postpaid,
$1.00. Write for prices on larger quantities.
A Dependable, Safe, Profitable Forage and Hay Crop
SUDAN vs. SORGHUM
We grow 10 to 20 acres of Sudan Grass for
HAY for our own farms and find it very satisfactory.
It is easy to grow, easy to harvest and cure, produces
well and is highly relished by all kinds of stock.
We sow Sudan as a PASTURE GRASS, es-
pecially on places that are not well seeded to the
natural grasses. In this way we have doubled
the carrying capacity of our pastures. Notwith-
standing the heavy grazing it grows right along.
It is a noticeable fact that the stock graze the
Sudan Grass in preference to the natural pasture
No grasses heretofore known show such won-
derful hay-producing qualities. We recommend
that Sudan Grass be planted on every farm where
hay is needed or where hay is grown as a market
crop. It can be grown very cheaply, and under
ordinary conditions it will produce from two to four
tons per acre.
SUDAN vs. MILLET
Sudan Grass has driven millet out of the list
of farm crops. Sudan is easier to grow, hardier
and not so difficult to start, and grows faster, makes
two to four times more to the acre and is a better
hay than millet. It can be fed in unlimited quan-
tities, while millet can not without causing damage
to stock. In every place where millet would
ordinarily be planted, Sudan Grass can be grown to
better advantage. Plant Sudan Grass if you have
a need for hay on your own farm. Also if you are
growing hay for the market plant Sudan Grass.
We sow both Sudan and Sorghum for hay and
forage uses and try to have a good crop of both.
The Sudan cures quicker and is handled with less
labor, but it will depend upon weather conditions
as to which will give the largest yields. During
this past summer the Sudan seemed to stand the
dry weather better than any of the several varieties
The cost of Sudan Grass Seed is higher this
season. Sorghum seed is also three to four times
more than last season. It is going to cost more
than usual to plant a hay crop, but hay (the
cheapest and most necessary of all farm feeds)
is also high. The cost per acre for seed for Sorghum
will be just about the same as Sudan. There is
no material difference.
Sow Sudan broadcast or with grain drill 10 to
15 pounds per acre soon after danger of frost is
Subject to market changes, we can supply good
Sudan Grass seed grown under conditions that
remove fear of Johnson Grass. Sudan Grass is
here to stay and the price will vary no more than
cane seed. Subject to market changes we quote:
Per pound, postpaid, 50c; 10 to 10 pounds, 40c per
pound, not prepaid; 25 to 75 pounds, 35c per pound;
100 pounds or more, $32.00 per hundred, but write
for current market prices on large quantities.
Please Use This ORDER BLANK if Convenient.
Ship the following seeds to: Date..
To be forwarded by
(Freight, express or parcel post)
DO NOT WRITE HERE.
Freight Station Name of R. R
Postoffice R. F. D
Amt. Enclosed, $
(State whether draft, check, money
order or stamps.)
KIND OF SEEDS WANTED.
Price per bu.
SURCROPPER Seed Corn
CHISHOLM Seed Corn
FERGUSON YELLOW DENT . Seed Corn
LONE STAR CottonSeed
MEBANE TRIUMPH CottonSeed
FERGUSON ROUNDNOSE Cotton Seed
BOYKIN Cotton Seed
FERGUSON NO. 71 OATS.
TEXAS RED RUST PROOF OATS
MEDITERRANEAN Seed Wheat
FULCASTER Seed Wheat
Total Amount of Order.
Has This Catalog Given You A Better Understanding
Of How Good Seeds Are
If so, we would like to send a copy to a few of your personal acquaintances whom you know to be interested
in securing better field seeds. We will appreciate having names from different parts of your County.
Initials and Name.
Occupation and Remarks.
Made out by.
January 31, 1917.
To EXPERIMENT STATION And
AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE OFFICIALS:
Example?, of commercial plant breeding on a bonafide
scientific basis, are not. very numerous in the United
States. Comparatively few of the conscientious efforts
made along this line have, proven- to be financially self
The Ferguson Seed Farms has had its financial ups-
and-downs , but we believe the re are many opportunities
open to veil c.-.-p- : r : • • 5 _;•••• V.’-..tes in agriculture to promote
their own, as well as social welfare, by engaging in
Commercial Seed Breeding, hot boastingly, ’out with th
hope of encouraging others, we can advise that the
Ferguson Seed Farms has succeeded:
(a) - As a business.
(b) - In preserving proper ideals of good seed-
(c ) - In producing superior seeds for our climate,
proven by the comparative tests reported by
the Experiment Stations.
Many of you will be intersted in these facts as a
basis for a suggestion to your graduates. Or. page 9 an
oft repeated and important question is asked and answered
by data that should be interesting to those who are look-
ing for examples of how scientific seed breeding can be
We would be glad to receive copies of bulletins and
papers bearing on the staple field crops and particularly
corn, small grains, cotton, grasses, legumes, etc. Our
annual publications have usually been more then mere
"Catalogs" of seeds offered for sale. We hope as time
goes on to make them readable and instructive.
Sincerely yours for Better Field Seeds,
t to make a bus, ness of SEED FARMS.
If so, we >
in securing bet
Made out by.
Suggestions to Customers About
1. About Representations. We try to not only
be truthful to the letter in all descriptions and representa-
tions, but to even avoid misleading suggestions. We
want your confidence. What is more we want to deserve
it. Our Stringless Guarantee is intended to take care of
all cases of differences of opinion.
2. If Mistakes Occur tell us. We might be
able to correct them. Others will not. Write the facts
good naturedly if you can, but if you can’t, then write
3. We Will Appreciate having you send us names
of prospective seed buyers. It costs lots of money to run
a seed breeding farm. Our only chance to get it back
is to sell seeds. The success of our business is due to the
“good will” of old customers who send us names of pros-
pective buyers of field seeds.
4. Order Early and it will enable us to fill your order
before the rush season comes. Where cash accompanies
order we will fill the order and set it aside and hold until
date you wish shipment made.
5. Remember, “First come first served.” The
supply of our own seeds is limited. It takes twelve
months to get a new supply of seeds on which we will put
our seal and certificate that they are PEDIGREED
6. Orders Filled Promptly. We make every effort
to fill orders the same day received, unless instructed to
hold for later shipment.
7. Substitutions. If you should desire substitu-
tions made in your order in case we should be out of the
varieties ordered, please indicate what substitutions you
desire. We make no substitutions except upon your
order. Order early before stock is broken.
8. Shipping Facilities at Sherman are Unsur-
passed. We have 12 railroad outlets, all connecting
directly with trunk lines, besides 2 interurban outlets and
three express companies.
9. Shipping Instructions. Unless directions are
given seeds will be shipped the cheapest way — usually
by freight. If goods are to be delivered to stations where
there is no agent, freight must be prepaid. Include
enough in your remittance to pay the freight to such a
station. Any excess will be promptly refunded.
10. Parcel Post. Where seeds are ordered sent by
parcel post add enough to cover postage. Seeds sent
by mail are at purchaser’s risk.
POLICIES AND PURPOSES
— to have top-notch seeds worth a dozen times
their cost; to send out neat and attractive adver-
tising matter with truthful illustrations and de-
scriptions free from exaggeration; to be prompt;
to be courteous; to be satisfied with fair profits;
to be honored because we are honorable in our
dealings ; to give every customer such a measure of
satisfaction that he will order again and think
enough of us to mention our service and our seeds
to their friends.
E = ABILITY, RELIABILITY, RESPONSIBILITY
We are proud of our standing in each par-
~ = ticular. We have been in business for many years.
= = Our reputation and standing for ability and re-
~ = liability as seedsmen and for responsibility in busi-
§§ H ness is well known.
The best assurance that we CAN and WILL
= s give you reliable seed service is the reputation made
= = by what we have done for others.
Strangers may learn about us by writing any
H = business man in Sherman, or to the mercantile
= as agencies.
In writing about poultry, please use separate sheet.
The Ferguson Seed Farms exist for a purpose. As an incident
to its work of breeding and growing better field seeds, a number of
families make their homes on grounds under their charge.
These families live a real rural life and therefore are properly
interested in poultry, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, guineas
and pea fowls. They also live in the atmosphere of a farm where
the thought is not only to produce better crops, but to produce
better kind of crops, as, for example, a better strain of cotton, corn,
The same trend of thought that directs their work with crops
also leads these families to breed poultry for
for eggs and meat; not merely for showy feathers. Sherman is a
center for high-bred poultry and many good breeds are represented
We quote selected specimens from our surplus stock as follows:
White Leghorns Barred Plymouth Rocks
We have a few cockerels directly
descended from a pen of hens laying
better than 200 eggs a year. $3.00 to
A few cockerels one year removed
from winners at several poultry
shows. $3.00 to $4.00 eacb.
We Are Raising
White Holland, Bourbon Red and
Bronze Turkeys and Black Lang-
shang Chickens, also. Surplus stock
Variety Test Block